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[517] I returned, and, at the same time, two regiments in my rear opened fire upon my regiment. I then ordered my command to halt and lie down, in order to protect them from the fire of our friends.

After great exertions by Major McLeod and Captain C. B. Holmes, of your staff, who were exposed to a terrific fire from friends and foe, the firing in my rear was suppressed, and I ordered my command again to advance; but, finding that the Tenth Georgia had inclined to the left, and were immediately in my front, I retired on a line with the other regiments, who were formed in my rear, and near to Captain Kemper's battery. It being near dark, I remained here until ordered to join the brigade.

Corporal Ward, of company E, was killed; Corporal J. H. Roberts, of company L, was mortally wounded, since dead; private McRae, of company L, shot through hip; private Threatt, of company A, shot through hip; J. Collins, of company C, in hip; E. Lane, company L, slightly in arm; private Morrell, company A, in foot; private Heidricks, company A, slightly; Corporal Bozeman, company F, slightly.

We joined the brigade at ten o'clock P. M., and rested for the night near the Williamsburg road.

At ten o'clock, on the following morning, (the thirtieth,) we marched back in the direction of Richmond, for several miles, when we moved to the left in the direction of James River, to the Darbytown road. On reaching it, we changed direction again to the left, and in the direction of the battle which was then raging on that road, apparently some three miles distant. We were halted upon the field where the battle of the day previous (the thirtieth) had been fought, at daylight, and formed in line of battle, and advanced for about one mile, and halted. In this advance through the woods, we captured one Lieutenant and three privates, belonging to a New York regiment. After remaining here for an hour, we were ordered to move, by a flank, in the direction of Malvern Hill. Arriving near the latter place, we rested for three hours, when we received orders to advance upon the enemy. Passing through a dense growth of pines, into which the enemy were pouring an incessant shower of grape and shell, we reached a field, at the far end of which were posted the enemy's batteries. We continued to advance until we were ordered to halt, where we remained for a few minutes, and were ordered to retire, which was executed in good order.

In justice to the officers and men of my command, duty compels me to state that they bore themselves gallantly on both occasions, (the twenty-ninth June and first July,) every one doing his whole duty.

For list of casualties in the engagement of first July, I refer you to my report of third July.

I have the honor to be, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

J. W. W. Henagan, Colonel Eighth South Carolina Regiment.


Report of Captain Kemper.

artillery quarters, Fourth brigade, Second division, July 15, 1862.
Captain Holmes, Assistant Adjutant-General:
Captain: Leaving my camp, near Vaughan's, on the morning of the twenty-ninth ultimo, about six o'clock, I followed the infantry of the brigade to a short distance beyond Fair Oaks. Here our march was interrupted for an hour or two by the batteries of the enemy's rear guard. Late in the afternoon, about four P. M., by the direction of the Brigadier-General, we shelled some works of the enemy on and near the Williamsburg road, about one and a half miles from the junction of that and theNine-mile road. Eliciting but slight response, we did some execution, and again advanced, overtaking the enemy at Savage's. The engagement was opened by a brisk artillery fire from my battery, replied to by one or more batteries, stationed near Savage's house. From this contest, the superior character and number of the enemy's pieces compelled me to withdraw in about five minutes, without loss, however. About seven P. M., a general engagement ensued, in which the battery played its part to the best of our ability.

Our losses are: One man killed, private E. Calmens; two wounded, privates Posey (since dead) and----. Four horses were killed, and five others rendered unserviceable. In Tuesday's engagement, (first July,) my battery was held in reserve, and, though under a severe fire, suffered no loss.

The above is respectfully submitted by

Your obedient servant,

Del. Kemper, Commanding Alexandria Artillery.


Reports of Colonel Benning of battle of June 27, 1862.

headquarters Seventeenth regiment Georgia volunteers, camp near Darbytown road, July 26, 1862.
General: On the twenty-seventh of June, the brigade was near the Garnett House, and about sunset, General Toombs ordered me to throw forward a strong body of pickets on the left of his line, and to feel the enemy, and to follow up, vigorously, any success that might be met with. At this time the regiment was in line of battle along the fence near Garnett's spring. Accordingly, I immediately ordered forward the two flank companies of the regiment, companies A and D, under Lieutenant Beeland, and K, under Lieutenant Randall, both under Major Pickett, with instructions to carry out the orders of General Toombs to me. They promptly took their place on the left of the line in a wood, and very soon advanced with other similar parties detached from the the Second and Fifteenth regiments Georgia volunteers, and opened fire on the enemy, posted in a wood on both sides of the Labor-in-vain ravine. The fire at once became warm along our whole line. The balls of the enemy came across the picket line engaged in the fight, and wounded a number of that part of the regiment held in reserve near the fence at the Garnett spring. About


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