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[520]

Battle of July 1, 1862.

headquarters Eighth Georgia regiment, July 2, 1862.
C. C. Hardwick, Lieutenant and A. A. G., Third Brigade, First Division:
Lieutenant: In obedience to orders, I have the honor to make the following report of the part taken by the Eighth regiment Georgia volunteers, in the battle of Tuesday, July first:

The casualties of the battle of twenty-eighth June having devolved upon me the command of the regiment, I am more than gratified that the conduct and bearing of officers and men fell under your immediate observation.

From the moment we were ordered to advance upon the strong positions of the enemy, posted on the heights of Malvern farm, exposed for the space of four hours to a most terrific fire of artillery, the spirit and determination of the troops seemed to gather strength as the perils of the battle increased. Several of the regiment were either killed or wounded at a distance of over two miles from the point of attack.

When the last order to charge the enemy's position was given, we moved rapidly forward, through an almost impassable ravine of thick undergrowth and wood, to the base of a hill, thirty yards distant from an open field, where the enemy were posted. Here my regiment was saluted and urged forward by General Magruder, under the eye and immediate command of the General. Although fatigued and exhausted, from a continuous march of two days and nights without sleep, the regiment seemed to gather fresh strength. Then it was that we made the dashing charge of over four hundred yards, across an open field, exposed to a most terrific fire of musketry and artillery. Halting at the base of the hill for a few moments, protected partially from the fire of the enemy, we adjusted our line of battle, preparatory for another charge. Just then, Adjutant Hardwick, at the peril of his life, came boldly forward, and gave the order to fall back. Our retrograde movement was not characterized with the same ardor as our advance, the regiment falling back with great reluctance. Under heavy fire from the enemy, we rallied, to the point designated by the Adjutant, in good order, awaiting further orders.

About nine o'clock we were ordered to repair to our camps, which we did in good order.

Too much praise cannot be given to the brave officers and men who imperilled their lives in this battle.

The regiment lost four killed and eight wounded, all among the enlisted men.

Respectfully,

George O. Dawson, Captain Company I, commanding Regiment.


Report of Major McElroy.

headquarters Thirteenth Mississippi regiment, July 5, 1862.
Colonel: The command of the Thirteenth Mississippi regiment having devolved upon me just before the close of the engagement on Tuesday evening, July first, it becomes my duty to report the part taken by this regiment in that sanguinary contest.

At six and a half o'clock P. M., this regiment, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Carter, was, under your own supervision, formed on the right of your brigade, and advanced to within some three hundred yards of the enemy, who appeared in strong force in front. There the regiment was halted, and the line dressed; and I can testify that, although exposed to a most withering fire, and our men falling on every hand, the line was promptly dressed, without confusion, and, when the command, Forward, was given, advanced, in splendid style, to within one hundred yards of the enemy. Here the regiment was again halted behind the brow of a hill, and ordered to fire. For nearly one hour we held this advanced position, without support on either flank; and, during this time, I am proud to say, the men of this command fought with a determination and bravery which successfully held in check a largely superior force of the enemy, who were confronting us. Believing this position longer untenable, the regiment was ordered to fall back, just at dark, to our former position, two hundred yards in the rear. Being present yourself, you are aware how reluctantly, yet in what fine order, this command was obeyed. About this time Lieutenant-Colonel Carter was severely wounded, and taken from the field. Halting the regiment under the cover of a hill, where they were in a measure protected from the fire of the enemy, the line was re-formed, and I was prepared to advance with a force then coming on my left; their, however, having masked a portion of our front, was the cause, I suppose, of the order then received to retire, which was done in good order.

Where all did their duty so well, it would be doing injustice to many were I to make mention of the many examples of individual heroism I saw displayed, both among officers and men. I will, therefore, simply say, that both company officers and men did their whole duty, and proved themselves worthy the name of Mississippians.

Very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

R. Mcelroy, Major, commanding Thirteenth Mississippi Regiment.


Report of Lieutenant-Colonel Fizer.

headquarters Seventeenth Mississippi volunteers, July 5, 1862.
Colonel William Barksdale, commanding Third Brigade:
sir: I have the honor to make the following report of the action of the Seventeenth Mississippi regiment, engaged on the evening of July first, 1862, near Meadow farm:

In pursuance of orders, the regiment was moved down on the right, into the woods, and there took position, and awaited orders. During the time, shot and shell fell amongst my wing command, proving very destructive. Two orders


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C. C. Hardwick (2)
B. F. Carter (2)
Robert H. Wright (1)
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McElroy (1)
E. J. Magruder (1)
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George O. Dawson (1)
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July 5th, 1862 AD (2)
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