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[521] reached the command to move out in support of General Wright's brigade, then engaged with the enemy, which was promptly done, and executed in splendid order, and without the least confusion.

Colonel W. D. Holder, while gallantly leading his men into action, through a shower of grape and shell, fell, severely wounded. Hence the command devolved upon me — this being at a time when the command was fronting a line, immediately after crossing a very difficult ravine. The command moved and dressed to the colors promptly and in order. I ordered the command to forward, which they did without wavering, although in the thickest of the fire, to the brow of the hill. I halted my command, finding my front masked by several regiments, extending from right to left. At this point I ordered Captain Govan, commanding company B, to act as field officer, and assist in the command of my regiment, which, I can say, he did with coolness and gallantry.

From this point, I moved my line to the right, endeavoring to get a chance at the enemy without being masked by firing. Finding that impossible, on account of the scattered fragments of regiments, I ordered my men to lie down for protection from the grape and canister, which was raking the field in front and the air above. Night coming on, and the fire of small arms having ceased, I withdrew my command from the field, in splendid order, and files well dressed, with regiments of the brigade.

I must further state, that my position on the field was hazardous — several regiments came near firing into my rear. I exerted myself to prevent different regiments from firing into each other, which, I am sorry to say, was done on several occasions; but by none of this brigade.

I am indebted to Captain Moreland, acting Major, for his gallant and valuable assistance, rendered me throughout the engagement. I take pleasure in saying that Adjutant Sykes was at his post, and rendered me valuable assistance. I cannot close without thanking Assistant Adjutant-General Inge, whom I found, on reaching the field, nobly discharging his duty, in directing regiments into battle.

I am, Colonel, with high regard,

Your friend and obedient servant,

John C. Fizer, Lieutenant-Colonel Seventeenth Mississippi Regiment.


Report of Lieutenant-Colonel Luse.

in the field, July 5, 1862.
Colonel William Barksdale:
dear sir: It becomes my duty to report to you the action of the Eighteenth Mississippi regiment in the engagement of July first, near Charles City road:

Upon receiving your orders to do so, the regiment, under the command of Colonel Thomas M. Griffin, started from its position in rear of our line of battle, and took its position and participated in the engagement. Countermarching, the regiment moved by the right flank so as to receive protection of natural defences against the enemy's batteries to our front, but was all the while exposed to a heavy and destructive fire from his batteries on the right. Just before reaching the scene of action, Colonel Griffin fell, wounded, and was carried from the field. On reaching the foot of the hill, upon whose crest rested the line of the enemy, the regiment was thrown into line. While this was being done, I sent Lieutenant Johnson and private Edward Draining, of company C, to the front to locate the enemy's artillery and infantry, who returned, and reported that the only opening to be seen long enough in our line, at that time engaged, to admit of our entering, was about two hundred yards to our left. I accordingly marched the regiment to the left, and then to the front, rising the hill, still partly masked by the regiment on my right. This was unmasked by an oblique movement to the left, which being accomplished, I moved the regiment forward to within short-mark range, and opened on his batteries and infantry. This position I occupied until twilight began to dim the fields, when Lieutenant Buckles, company E, informed me that all support had been withdrawn from our left, which I saw at a glance to be true. This unfortunate circumstance threw a more destructive fire into our left than veterans could be justly called upon to withstand; but officers and men stood firm, and resolutely returned the enemy's fire from ranks now reduced by more than one third of their former number. At this juncture, the same officer reported the enemy moving around our left flank, whereupon I withdrew the regiment in time, forcing a retreat.

Where the conduct of all was so satisfactory, it is difficult to identify those to whom it is the credit of peculiar gallantry; but I feel it my duty to put upon record the heroism of some who displayed conspicuous gallantry. To Captain E. G. Henry, on the right, and Captain F. Bostick, on the left wing, acting, the former Lieutenant-Colonel, the latter Major, the regiment is indebted for much of the order and steadiness which marked their action in this engagement. Each fell mortally wounded at his post, while heroically in the discharge of the most dangerous and responsible duties.

To A. A. General Inge, of Colonel Barksdale's staff, I would express my obligations for assistance upon the field, where his zeal, skill, and bravery inspired all who beheld him.

So numerous were the instances in which non-commissioned officers and privates in the ranks distinguished themselves, that it would be impossible to mention all in a report like this; but some there were whom the accidents of the battle threw under my immediate observation. Sergeant Smith, color-bearer, is deserving of the highest praise for his steadiness during the fight, and considerate coolness after being wounded; Orderly Sergeant Goodloe, company C, for activity and coolness in dressing his men while under a terrific fire; private Cooper, company F; privates George Grease and C. Brody, company


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