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[529] point near the White Oak Swamp, in Henrico County, where it halted for the night.

On Tuesday, the first of July, the brigade crossed the White Oak Swamp, and proceeded toward Malvern Hill. In the latter part of the day, a heavy cannonade to the front announced to us the conflict which was then in progress. A little after five o'clock we were drawn up in line of battle, about one hundred paces in rear of the first brigade, in a body of woods beyond a church, of which I have been unable to ascertain the name. Whilst we were in these woods, a number of the enemy's shell exploded near us, and we shifted our position several times to get out of their exact range. About sunset we were ordered forward. We marched slowly down the road, under a terrific fire from a battery which perfectly commanded it, and which threw its shells with great accuracy. Some confusion occurred amongst the troops in front of us, and we were kept marching and countermarching along the road in question for several hours. Finally we proceeded across a small stream to the crest of a hill, and remained there, in the midst of the dead and wounded, until the following morning.

Brigadier-General Jones was disabled early in the night by a contusion on the knee from a piece of a shell, and Lieutenant-Colonel Cunningham commanded the brigade during the remainder of the night. Notwithstanding the terrible fire to which we were so long exposed, no one in the battalion was injured on this occasion.

On Wednesday, the second of July, we encamped near the church I have mentioned.

On Thursday, the third of July, we shifted our camp to a point a mile or two distant, on the road to the Long Bridge.

On Friday, the fourth of July, we marched to an open field, near the enemy's encampment at Westover. We lay in this field in line of battle till the evening, and then encamped in a neighboring body of woods.

On Saturday, the fifth, and Sunday, the sixth of July, we laid in camp.

On Monday, the seventh of July, the brigade, along with other troops, relieved General Whiting's division as advanced guard. We laid on picket near the enemy's lines until evening, when we were ordered to move back a short distance to the rear.

On Tuesday, the eighth, Wednesday, the ninth, and Thursday, the tenth of July, we marched back toward Richmond, and, on the last-named day, we encamped at a point near that at which the Mechanicsville turnpike crosses the Chickahominy River.

I cannot conclude this report without taking the occasion to bear my testimony to the courage and fortitude with which the officers and men met and endured the dangers and hardships of the memorable days in question.

I have the honor to be, Captain,

Your obedient servant,

B. W. Leigh, Captain, commanding the Battalion.


Report of Major Bevy, of Fourth Georgia battalion.

camp near Magruder's Mills,Virginia, July 27, 1862.
Captain Edward W. Hull, Assistant Adjutant-General:
Captain: I have the honor, respectfully, to make, for the information of the Brigadier-General commanding, the following report of the part taken by the Fourth battalion Georgia volunteers, in the action before Richmond, on the twenty-seventh June:

The battalion did not get into action until about five o'clock P. M. We were then ordered through a piece of woods; and, while going through, were under a heavy fire of shot and shell, as well as musketry, from the enemy. On emerging from the woods, we found near us several regiments of Confederate troops, and here halted, as there was no General officer present, we having become separated from our brigade in coming through the woods. While waiting here, a regiment of the enemy, which proved to be the Third New Jersey, emerged from the woods on our right. Fire was immediately opened upon it, and it fled precipitately, and were nearly all captured by some regiments of our troops, stationed to the right of our brigade. Major Burney, of the Third New Jersey, and several non-commissioned officers and privates, here fell into our hands. We remained at this point some time, (probably half an hour,) when General Lawton came to us, and was personally cognizant of affairs from that time until the firing ceased for the night.

I would respectfully mention to the Brigadier-General commanding the efficient aid rendered the field officers by Adjutant B. F. Keller, who was at all times at his post, regardless of danger. I would also respectfully call the attention of the Brigadier-General to the fact that, after the firing had ceased for the night, private John W. Mack, company C, Fourth battalion Georgia volunteers, while unarmed, captured, in the woods, one Lieutenant, one Sergeant, and two privates, of the First New Jersey regiment--all armed — disarmed them, brought them into camp alone, and delivered them to his Captain.

I am, Captain, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

Thomas J. Bevy, Major Fourth Battalion Georgia Volunteers.

P. S. I make this report, in the absence of Lieutenant-Colonel Stiles, by order of General Lawton.



Report of Captain Battey, of Thirty-Eighth Georgia regiment.

headquarters Thirty-Eighth regiment Ga. Vols., camp near Gordonsville, July 27, 1862.
Captain Edward W. Hull, Assistant Adjutant-General:
Captain: In obedience to orders received from you, I have the honor to make the following report of the part my regiment bore in the late series of actions before Richmond:


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