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[536] under my command, suffered more than the other two companies, owing to a part of it being stationed on rising ground. Two of the companies of our regiment--company K, Stewart Grays, and company B, Jackson Blues, (company K under command of Lieutenant Rockwell, and company B under Captain Lewis,) being on picket, collected their men on the post to the left of the road, and entered the fight at the time the companies did on the right, (which was composed of those companies on reserve, and not on post that day.) I did not see them, or know they were in the fight, until afterward. We fought about a half or three quarters of an hour against overwhelming numbers, said to have been nine regiments of the enemy, before the Fifteenth Georgia came to the support of our regiment. The companies I commanded were never reinforced, and I did not know that the Fifteenth Georgia had been ordered in until after the fight; when, on going to where Colonel Butts was stationed, I learned that they were on the ground. When the fight ceased, which was after night had set in, I had but two men that were able to fire their pieces; all were either killed, wounded, or unable to fire, not being able to load their pieces ; others were out of ammunition. A few, I am told, that were not hurt, went off with the wounded men of the seven companies. The number of muskets carried into the fight was two hundred and seventy-one, this being the number reported on that day for duty. The regiment lost, in this engagement, ten killed and one hundred and ten wounded, a list of which you will find enclosed.

On the first of July, at Malvern Hill, we were placed in line with the other regiments of your brigade. We were to be (I learned) the supporting brigade to Generals Cobb and Anderson's commands, which occupied positions in front of our line. After marching by the flanks and forward quite a number of times, we were brought immediately in front of the battery that we were to charge. The Second Georgia's position was decidedly in front of the battery, which I thought must be fully three quarters of a mile distant from the woods we emerged from, being under the direct fire of the enemy's guns the whole of that distance. Our brigade moved forward steadily for some distance and in good order, when, owing to some command, the Fifteenth Georgia, being next to our right, got in front of us, masking the whole of the right wing of the Second; the Seventeenth Georgia at the same time crowding upon the Fifteenth Georgia. This crowding caused much confusion at the time. I was fifteen or twenty steps in front of our regiment. Looking back to see if our regiment was moving on in order, I found myself in front of another regiment, which I was told was the Fifteenth Georgia. I soon saw the mixed condition of the troops, that the Fifteenth and Seventeenth, which occupied the line to our right, had, by some command, been moved to the left, which placed them upon the line we occupied. While in that huddled condition, the order was given to march by the left flank, which our regiment performed in good order, under a most destructive fire of grape and canister. Being under full range of the enemy's guns, after crossing a fence, our regiment was ordered to lay down and wait for support to come up. Soon one of the regiments of Kershaw's brigade came up and moved forward, and we were ordered as a support; we followed close after them. They moved in order and made a most gallant charge, but were completely checked by the deadly fire from the enemy's battery. Their ranks being torn asunder, they had to fall back, which left our regiment in front without any support. Colonel Butts being wounded at that time, I had to assume command. I ordered our regiment to lay down until we could get a supporting regiment. We were under a most terrific fire of grape; but the men acted with the utmost coolness, not one exhibiting, that I could see, the least fear. We lay under that fire for fully half an hour, waiting for some regiment to come up, that we might continue our charge to the battery, which was not more than fifty yards in front of us. Word being brought that the enemy were flanking us on our right, immediately afterward there occurred a very heavy fire, which came in upon the rear of the right wing. I ordered the regiment up, and gave the command, About face, and marched in order to the rear, across a small drain, and gave the command, Halt; but, owing to a great noise, was not heard. 1 intended to halt and change front, that I might receive the enemy that (I was told) had flanked us. I was in front of the regiment at the time I ordered them to about face, which placed me in the rear in falling back. My order to halt went unheeded. The regiment continued to move off to the rear, which, I think, was fortunate, as when alone we could effect nothing in the position we occupied, had the regiment remained in the position. I intended to make a stand for the enemy that was said to have flanked us. I do not think I would have brought off fifty men, as the enemy had directed an increased fire upon that point.

Our loss in this engagement was eleven killed and seventy wounded, which you will find consolidated with the other list of killed and wounded.


Your obedient servant,

William R. Holmes, Lieutenant-Colonel, commanding Second Georgia.

Report of Colonel Magill.

headquarters First Georgia regiment, camp near Richmond, July 10, 1862.
Captain Charles E. Hardwick, A. A. A. General, Third Brigade :
Captain: I have the honor to submit, for the consideration of the Colonel commanding, the following report of the part taken by this regiment in the affair of the twenty-ninth June and in the engagement of the first instant:

On the twenty-ninth of June, just after we had passed the line of the enemy's intrenchments near Garnett's house, I was ordered to deploy the regiment as skirmishers, and feel the woods in the direction which it was supposed the enemy

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