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[544] hard pressed, broke, and many fugitives came back. Without waiting for the formation of the entire line, Branch was immediately ordered forward, and passing through the broken brigade, received the enemy's fire, promptly returned it, checked the pursuit, and in turn drove them back, and relieved Taliaferro's flank. The enemy, driven across an open field, had rallied in a wood skirting it. Branch was engaging when Archer came up, and, with Pender on the left, the enemy were charged across this field, the brigade of Archer being subjected to a very heavy fire. General Thomas, on the right, had been ordered by General Jackson to the right to support Early's brigade. Quite a large portion of both Early's and Taliaferro's brigades had been thrown into confusion, some of the regiments standing firm — the Thirteenth Virginia, Twenty-first Virginia, and Twelfth Georgia. Thomas formed his line of battle along a fence bordering a cornfield, through which the enemy were advancing. After a short contest here, the enemy were hurled back. Pegram's and Fleet's batteries (the latter under command of Lieutenant Hardy) did heavy execution this day, and drove back several attempts to capture their guns. The Fourteenth Georgia, under the gallant Colonel Folsom, having become separated from the rest of the brigade by our fugitives, charged the advancing enemy, and with brilliant success. The enemy had now been driven from every part of the field, but made an attempt to retrieve his fortunes by a cavalry charge. Their squadrons, advancing across an open field in front of Branch, exposed their flank to him, and, encountering a deadly fire from the Fourteenth Georgia and Thirteenth Virginia, had many saddles emptied, and fled in utter disorder. Much credit is due Thomas's brigade for the admirable manner in which they acted under very discouraging circumstances.

It was now dark, and the field had been won. I was directed to follow the enemy. Colonel Stafford and General Field being now up, Stafford's brigade was put in advance, and Field, with Pegram's battery, next. The woods in our front having first been shelled for some minutes by all my batteries, Stafford advanced, feeling his way cautiously, skirmishing and taking prisoners. Passing through the woods, he came upon the enemy in force. By direction of General Jackson, Pegram occupied a little knoll upon the margin of the field and opened fire. Field was thrown into line along the edge of the woods bordering the field, and a little in rear of Pegram. Very soon a concentric fire from three batteries, at short range, was opened on Pegram, and his loss in men and horses was so great that he was soon silenced. No further attempt was made to advance.

My brigade bivouacked upon the ground, and next day were withdrawn a short distance back, and the dead buried.

Major J. G. Field and Captain F. T. Hill, of my staff, were wounded, the former severely.

My loss was as follows:

 49145--Total, 194

Very respectfully,

On the above report was the following indorsement:

headquarters Second corps, A. N. V., March 19, 1863.
Respectfully forwarded. The reason assigned by General Hill for his division not being next to Ewell's, on the day preceding the battle of Cedar Run, renders it proper that the facts of the case should be stated. For the purpose of attacking the enemy at or near Culpeper Court-House, I directed Generals Ewell and Hill to leave their encampment on the seventh, and, at dawn on the following morning, to resume the march, and move via Barnett's Ford. The positions of the two divisions were such that I did not require General Hill's division to follow General Ewell's on the seventh; but I did expect it to do so on the eighth; and such would have been the case, had General Hill carried out the instructions which I gave him before he left his encampment on the seventh, to move at dawn on the morning of the eighth. Ewell moved early in the morning, and though he did not cross at Barnett's Ford, yet he passed near that point in coming into the road upon which the troops were to move. I passed the night probably three quarters of a mile from the centre of the village of Orange Court-House.

After sunrise, next morning, I observed some of General Hill's troops still where they had bivouacked; and such was my concern at their not having moved, that I ordered my horse, and rode to Orange Court-House, where I found General Hill, but did not see any of his troops with him. I spoke to him about his not having moved, and understood him to say that he was waiting for Jackson's division to pass. The sun was then probably over an hour high. The advance of Jackson's division had reached the town and halted. Desiring to avoid delay, I directed my A. A. General, Major E. F. Paxton, to order Jackson's division forward. Upon reaching Barnett's Ford, on the Rapidan, I found Ewell's division moving by there. Had General Hill moved at dawn, I could, had I deemed it necessary, have halted Ewell's train before it reached the road upon which General Hill was to move, and thus have brought the division of General H. immediately in rear of that of General Ewell. As General H. says that he was to move at dawn, and follow Ewell, he should have expected Ewell to be in front, and not in rear of him, at that time. If he believed that the division for which he was waiting to pass was Ewell's, he could easily have sent

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