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[553]

My effective strength in infantry, on the morning of the ninth, was seventeen hundred, of which about three hundred and fifty were left on picket.

Subjoined is a list of killed, wounded, and missing, showing sixteen killed, one hundred and forty-five wounded, and two missing; total, one hundred and sixty-three.

I can also bear testimony to the gallantry and good conduct of Colonel Tomas, and the officers and men of his brigade, whose timely arrival rendered my right secure, and whose deadly fire contributed largely to the repulse of the enemy.

Very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

J. A. Early, Brigadier-General, commanding Brigade.


Report of Colonel Ronald, of First brigade.

headquarters First brigade Virginia volunteers, V. D., August 15, 1862.
W. T. Taliaferro, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General:
sir: Before the brigade became engaged in the battle of Cedar Run, on Saturday, the ninth, Brigadier-General Charles S. Winder was mortally wounded; whereupon the command devolved on me. In obedience to your order, therefore, I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by the First brigade in the battle of Cedar Run, Culpeper County, on the ninth instant:

The following regiments constitute the brigade: The Fifth, Second, Fourth, Thirty-third, and Twenty-seventh Virginia, commanded on this occasion as follows: The Fifth by Major Williams, the Second by Lieutenant-Colonel Lawson Botts, the Fourth by Lieutenant-Colonel Robert D. Gardner, the Thirty-third by Lieutenant-Colonel Edward G. Lee, the Twenty-seventh by Captain Charles L. Haynes. Captains Carpenter's and Poague's batteries are attached. The brigade bivouacked, on the night of the eighth, in Madison County, on the road leading to Culpeper Court-House, and about one mile from Madison Mills, on the Rapidan River. On the morning of the ninth, the brigade took up the line of march in the direction of Culpeper Court-House. The march was frequently interrupted from causes unknown to me at the time, and at fifteen minutes past three o'clock P. M. the brigade was halted in the woods a short distance to the left of the road. At this time, some cannonading was going on in front. Here several Parrott guns, from Captains Poague's and Carpenter's batteries, were ordered to the front. These were posted in the road so as to enfilade the enemy's batteries, then engaging our batteries on the right. General Winder was in the front, directing, with great ability and judgment, the movements of the batteries. These batteries, in a short time, succeeded in driving the enemy's guns from their chosen position, after which Captains Poague and Carpenter were directed to take position in a cornfield on the right of the road, where they opened a rapid fire upon the enemy's guns, and soon silenced several of them. Shortly after this, General Winder was mortally wounded and borne from the field, the brigade still resting where it was halted at fifteen minutes past three o'clock. A little after foul o'clock P. M., I was ordered to put the brigade in line of battle, perpendicular to the road, and move forward, the line having been arranged in the following order, viz.: Twenty-seventh on the right, the Thirty-third on the left of the Twenty-seventh, the Fifth left of the Thirty-third, Second left of the Fifth, and the Fourth left of the Second. I moved forward through the woods, but in a few minutes I was ordered to put the brigade in column of regiments, which order was executed promptly; but before advancing the column I was ordered to deploy the column, and advance in line of battle, letting the right rest about one hundred yards from the road. The line of battle being thus reestablished, I moved forward through the woods, under a heavy fire of spherical case and canister shot from the enemy's guns. Arriving at a fence that partly enclosed an open field, I halted the brigade, and sent Captain John H. Fulton, acting Aid, to inform General Taliaferro of my position, and to receive his order. Captain Fulton returned, stating that the General directed me to move on. I put the brigade in motion, and rode some two hundred yards in advance, in order to gain the top of the hill, from which I supposed I could have a good view. Arriving at the top of the hill, I observed the enemy, about three hundred yards distant, advancing in line of battle, when I immediately rode back to the brigade, which, having advanced to within four hundred yards of the enemy, and in view of each other, this brigade then opened fire upon the enemy, and having discharged several volleys, which seemed to confuse him, I immediately ordered the brigade to charge, which order was promptly executed, and with fine effect, the enemy falling back in great confusion, leaving many of his dead and wounded upon the field. Arriving at the woods in his retreat, the enemy attempted to re-form his line, which I determined to prevent, by following him up; but at this moment, I was informed that the enemy had turned the left of the Second brigade, (which I supposed, until that moment, rested on the right of the First brigade :) whereupon I immediately directed a change of front, which was done as promptly as it could be under the circumstances, which enabled me to engage this flank movement of the enemy. But General Branch's brigade coming up at this moment, his line being perpendicular to the road, while the line of the First brigade was parallel, General Branch opened a vigorous fire upon the enemy, which soon succeeded in driving him from his position. He was here compelled to pass through a large grain field in his retreat, which exposed his broken columns to a deadly cross-fire from Branch's and this brigade. About sundown, General Pender's (I think it was) brigade appeared on the extreme left of the open field I first entered. He continued his march by the flank until his right reached the north-east


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