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[594] the chance of victory to tremble in the balance; my own division, exhausted by seven hours unremitted fighting, hardly one round per man remaining, and weakened in all things save its unconquerable spirit. Casting about for help, fortunately it was here reported to me that the brigades of Generals Lawton and Early were near by, and, sending for them, they promptly moved to my front at the most opportune moment, and this last charge met the same disastrous fate that had befallen those preceding. Having received an order from General Jackson to endeavor to avoid a general engagement, my commanders of brigades contented themselves with repulsing the enemy, and following them up but a few hundred yards.

During the night of the twenty-ninth, my brigades were engaged in refilling cartridge boxes, and generally putting themselves in condition for the morrow's fight.

Brigadier-General Field was severely wounded, and I regret that his invaluable assistance was, in consequence, lost to me during the balance of the campaign. His gallant bearing and soldierly qualities gave him unbounded influence over his men, and they were ever ready to follow where he led. The command of his brigade devolved upon Colonel Brockenbrough, of the Fortieth Virginia.

The gallant Forno was also stricken down, with, as was supposed at the time, a mortal wound. Colonel Strong succeeded to his command.

General Pender was knocked down by a shell, but, as once before, refused to leave the field.

Archer's horse was killed under him. Branch, Pender, Brockenbrough, and Strong were brought from the front, and placed in reserve.

On the thirtieth, about two o'clock, the enemy again made an attack along our whole line. The attack on my part of the line was gallantly resisted by Archer and Thomas β€” Gregg still holding the extreme left. This onset was so fierce and in such force, that at first some headway was made, but throwing in Pender and Brockenbrough, their advance was again checked, and eventually repulsed with great loss. Later in the evening I sent a message to General Jackson that I had ordered my whole line to advance, and it was approved, and he directed me to advance in echelon of brigades. This order was promptly carried out, Pender, Archer, Thomas, and Branch steadily advancing. Branch, on the extreme left, thrown considerably back, met no resistance, and Brockenbrough, on the extreme right, being separated from his own division by one or two of Taliaferro's brigades, advanced in conjunction with them. Gregg and Strong were held back to meet a threatened movement on my left. The three brigades of Pender, Archer, and Thomas, however, held together, and drove everything before them, capturing two batteries, many prisoners, and resting that night on Bull Run; and the ground thus won was occupied that night. These brigades had penetrated so far within the enemy's lines, that Captain Ashe, A. A. G. to General Pender, was taken prisoner that night, returning from my headquarters to his own brigade.

The batteries of Braxton, Pegram, McIntosh, and Crenshaw were gallantly served during this fight, and did yeoman's service. The battle being thus gloriously won, my men slept among the dead and dying enemy.

My loss was one hundred and ninety-nine killed, thirteen hundred and eight wounded; total, fifteen hundred and seven, of which Gregg's brigade lost six hundred and nineteen.

The brave Colonels Marshall, of South Carolina, and Forbes, of Tennessee, were killed; Lieutenant-Colonel Leadbetter, of South Carolina, also met a soldier's death. Colonels Barnes, Edwards, and McGowan, Lieutenant-Colonels McCorkle, Farron, and McCready, and Major Brockman, of Gregg's brigade, were wounded.

The stubborn tenacity with which Gregg's brigade held its position this day, is worthy of highest commendation.

Ox Hill.

Monday evening, September first, the divisions arrived near Germantown, on the Little River turnpike; and it was understood the enemy were in force, in a strong position known as Ox Hill, and prepared to dispute our farther passage. By direction of General Jackson, I sent forward the brigades of Branch and Brockenbrough to feel and engage the enemy. This battle commenced under the most unfavorable circumstances β€” a heavy, blinding rain-storm directly in the faces of my men. These two brigades gallantly engaged the enemy, Branch being exposed to a very heavy fire in front and in his flank. Gregg, Pender, Thomas, and Archer were successively thrown in. The enemy obstinately contested the ground, and it was not until the Federal Generals Kearney and Stevens had fallen in front of Thomas's brigade, that they were driven from the ground. They did not, however, retire far, until later during the night, when they entirely disappeared. The brunt of this fight was borne by Branch, Gregg, and Pender. Colonel Riddick and Lieutenant-Colonel Miller, of Pender's brigade, were mortally wounded, and Captain Stone, commanding Sixteenth North Carolina, and Major Rivers, of Thomas's brigade, severely so.

My loss was thirty-nine killed and two hundred and sixty-seven wounded; total, three hundred and six.

On the fifth September, the division crossed into Maryland, near Leesburg, and on the eleventh recrossed into Virginia at Williamsport, advanced upon Martinsburg, skirmishing with the enemy's pickets, entered the town on the twelfth, and caused General White, with some three thousand men, to fall back upon Harper's Ferry. A large quantity of commissary and quartermaster stores were taken at Martinsburg.

Saturday, the thirteenth, arrived at Harper's Ferry, my division being in advance.

On Sunday afternoon, the necessary signals from the Loudon and Maryland Heights having notified us that all was ready, I was ordered by General Jackson β€œto move along the left bank of the Shenandoah, and thus turn the enemy's ”


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