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[621] Brown; on the left of Trimble's was Lawton's brigade, under Colonel Douglas, and, on his left, the three regiments of my brigade, under Colonel Smith, the whole occupying the line of the railroad; Hays's brigade had gone to the rear to get ammunition, and did not return. In the afternoon, when the enemy made his determined attack on the line of the railroad, beginning on the right, Trimble's brigade, by a cross-fire, aided in repulsing the column that advanced against Starke's brigade. Another column advanced in front of the three regiments of my brigade, and was repulsed by their fire and that from Lawton's brigade. The attack seemed to be general along the whole line, and the fire ran from right to left. As the enemy retired, the three regiments of my brigade dashed across the road in pursuit, very unexpectedly to me, as I had given express orders for them not to advance until ordered to do so, and I immediately moved up the regiments that were in rear, to fill up the gap that was thus left.

The other regiments were, however, soon brought back by Colonel Smith. Late in the afternoon, after General Longstreet had made his advance, and but a short time before night, General Lawton received an order to advance to the front, and Trimble's, his own, and my brigades were ordered forward, and commenced advancing. My own brigade advanced through the woods until it reached a field in front, and I halted here a moment for General Lawton and the rest of the division to come up, as I was a little in advance; but General Jackson soon rode up and ordered me to move by the left flank, as it was reported that a body of the enemy was moving to our left. I immediately did so, sending in front skirmishers, under Colonel Terrell, of the Thirteenth Virginia regiment, and continued to move on until I came to the railroad, and then along that until I came to a field. It was then getting dark, and as soon as my skirmishers entered the field they were fired upon from a hill to my left. This was very unexpected, and I immediately sent back to General Jackson to let him know the fact, as it would have been folly for me to advance, if this fire was from the enemy, in the direction I was going. A message was soon received directing me to send and ascertain from whom the fire came, and stating that it was probably from some of General Hill's troops. It was impossible to distinguish uniforms or colors at a distance, when this firing took place, and the only chance of ascertaining from whence it came being to send a messenger, with the certainty of his being captured if it was the enemy. A young man from the Forty-fourth Virginia regiment, who volunteered for the purpose, was sent, and he soon returned with the information that the firing was from the skirmishers from Branch's and Gregg's brigades, who mistook us for the enemy. Fortunately, however, no damage was done. I was then ordered to advance to the front, and in a few minutes afterward, I was ordered to move back by the right flank, the reports of the movement of the enemy around our left flank having proved unfounded. I found that the other brigades had already bivouacked near where I had left them, and my own did the same. Most of the batteries of the division were engaged at different points and times, during the fighting on these days, but as they were separated from their brigades on account of the difficulty of following them in the woods, I am unable to give a sufficiently accurate account of their operations, and shall therefore not attempt it.

affair at Ox Hill, near Chantilly, and march into Maryland.

On the afternoon of Saturday, the thirty-first, the division was ordered to move, following Jackson's division, and it did so, crossing Bull Run at a ford below Sudley, and then turning to the left and pursuing a country road, until we reached the Little River turnpike, which was followed in the direction of Germantown until we were ordered to bivouack late at night.

Early next morning, (the first of September,) we were again put in motion, following Jackson's division, and moving in single column, until we reached Chantilly, where the division was placed in two columns, one being on each side of the road, with the artillery in the road. In this arrangement, Trimble's and Hays's were on the right, and Lawton's and my own brigades on the left of the road, my own following Lawton's brigade.

On reaching Ox Hill, in the afternoon, where the Ox road crosses the turnpike, indications of the approach of the enemy on the turnpike from Centreville having been observed, Trimble's and Hays's brigades were moved to the right, and placed in line of battle on the right of Jackson's division, and occupying positions on the edge of a field beyond a piece of woods, through which the Ox road here runs. Lawton's brigade and my own were moved across the turnpike and placed in line in the woods in rear of Trimble's and Hays's brigades, Lawton's being placed in rear of Trimble's brigade, and my own in rear of Hays's brigade. As we moved into position, the enemy opened with artillery, firing into the woods where we were posted, and, in a short time afterward, infantry firing commenced in front. After we had been in position for some time, General Starke, who was commanding Jackson's division, came to me, and represented that the enemy were approaching on his left, in considerable force, and that there was an interval on his left, between his left flank and the turnpike, his line being in the form of an arc of a circle, and he requested me to move my brigade so as to occupy this interval, in the direction of which he represented the enemy to be moving. I had some hesitation about moving my brigade; but as I had received no orders, and had merely followed the movement of the brigade preceding me, which brought me in the position I have indicated, and as General Starke was very urgent, representing his condition to be critical, which it in fact was, if the information he received was true, I determined to move my brigade to his left, which was but a short distance, owing to the form of the line, and gave the order

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A. R. Lawton (8)
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