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[623] river, which commanded Harper's Ferry and Bolivar Heights, and placed in position.

The rest of the batteries belonging to the division were placed in position on the crest of School-House Hill, on each side of the road. At dawn, the brigades were advanced to the front of the woods, and the batteries, including Brown's and Dement's, opened fire, which was kept up until the enemy surrendered. Our artillery fire was but feebly responded to. Lawton's brigade, under the command of Colonel Douglas, was moved by flank, under cover, to the bottom, on the right of the turnpike between School-House Hill and Bolivar Heights, for the purpose of supporting General A. P. Hill's contemplated advance from the right; but the white flag was displayed in a short time, and no further movement was made by this brigade or the rest of the division.

battle of Sharpsburg.

Late in the afternoon of the fifteenth, (the day of the surrender,) General Lawton received an order to move the division on the road to Boteler's Ford, below Shepherdstown, and he immediately put his own and Trimble's brigade in motion, and gave me an order to follow with Hays's and my own brigades as soon as they could be supplied with rations, which had to be obtained from Harper's Ferry. This detained me until after night, when I followed General Lawton, and found him in camp about four miles from the ford. The division moved at dawn next morning, crossing the Potomac at Boteler's Ford and proceeding on the road to Sharpsburg, and was halted and stacked arms in a wood on the left of the road about a mile from Sharpsburg. It remained in this position for several hours, and late in the afternoon, General Lawton was ordered to move the division to the right to cover a bridge over the Antietam. This movement was commenced, but was soon countermanded, and he was directed to follow Jackson's division to the left. Following this division, we moved through fields to the left of Sharpsburg until we reached the turnpike from Sharpsburg toward Hagerstown, and then turned to the left on that road until we reached a wood in which there was a Dunkard Church.

Jackson's division having been placed in position, General Jackson in person directed me to place my brigade on the left of his division, then commanded by Brigadier-General Jones, so as to prevent its being flanked, and to communicate with General Jones. It was then getting dark, some of our troops were engaged in front, and the shells from the enemy's guns were flying tolerably thick, and it was some time before I could ascertain where General Jones was. I found him, however, finally, not far from where I was; and having ascertained that General Starke's brigade was on his left, I moved to the left of that, and placed my brigade in line along a road on which General Starke's left rested. In a short time Brigadier-General Hays, who had joined his brigade the day before, reported to me, and his brigade was formed in rear of mine, it being too dark to understand enough of the position to make very good dispositions. Lawton's and Trimble's brigades were halted in the woods near the church, and between ten and eleven o'clock at night, were ordered to relieve some brigades of General Hood's division which had been engaged during the evening. These two brigades were posted in the positions occupied by General Hood's brigade, Trimble's brigade, under Colonel Walker, being on the right, next to General D. H. Hill's division, and Lawton's brigade on the left of it. In this position they lay on their arms during the night, with occasional skirmishing in front between the pickets.

Shortly after dawn, next morning, Hays's brigade was ordered, by General Lawton, to move to the position at which his own and Trimble's brigades were in line, and was posted in the open field in rear of Lawton's brigade. At the same time Hays was ordered to make his movement. General Jackson, in person, ordered me to move my brigade to the left, along a route which he pointed out, to support some pieces of artillery which Major-General Stuart had in position to the left of our line. I immediately commenced this movement, and was thus separated from the rest of the division, and cannot, therefore, speak of its subsequent operations from my own observation, but gather the following facts from the reports of brigade commanders:

At light, skirmishing commenced in front of Lawton's and Trimble's brigades, in a piece of woods occupied by the enemy, and in a very short time the enemy's batteries, which were posted on the opposite side of Antietam river, so as to enfilade the line of these two brigades, opened a destructive fire. About sunrise, the enemy advanced in line, driving in our skirmishers, and advancing to the edge of the woods. About this time, batteries opened in front from the woods with shell and canister, and these brigades were thus exposed to a terrible carnage. After a short time, General Hays advanced, with his brigade, to the support of Colonel Douglas, under a terrific fire, and passed to the front. About this time, General Lawton, who had been superintending the operation, received a very severe wound, and was borne from the field. Colonel Walker, by moving two of his regiments, the Twenty-first Georgia and Twenty-first North Carolina, and concentrating their fire, and that of the Twelfth Georgia, upon a part of the enemy's line in front of the latter, succeeded in breaking it, and as a brigade of fresh troops came up to the support of Lawton's and Hays's brigades just at this time, Walker ordered an advance; but the brigade which came up having fallen back, he was compelled to halt, and finally to fall back to his first position. His brigade (Trimble's) had suffered terribly; his own horse was killed under him, and he had himself been struck by a piece of shell. Colonel Douglas, whose brigade had been hotly engaged during the whole time, was killed, and about half the men had been killed and wounded. Hays's brigade,


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