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[654] the field. Early on Friday, August twenty-ninth, the march was resumed, with directions to be prepared for an attack near the railroad. General Gregg's brigade meeting the enemy there, this brigade advanced to his right, the regiments being thrown in successively until all became engaged. The enemy were in strong position on the railroad. We at once advanced, and drove them from it. This position we were ordered to hold, and, if possible, to avoid bringing on a general engagement, and held it against several attacks of the enemy in strong force during the day. In the afternoon, an overwhelming force attacked us, now almost without ammunition, in front and on the left flanks, and forced us back a short distance, when General Pender's brigade advanced promptly, and in fine order, to the assistance of the Third, most of which joined General Pender, and, together, they drove back the enemy some distance beyond our previous position, which was held until night, the brigade bivouacking on the field.

On Saturday, August thirtieth, we were ordered to take position near the left of the line, which position was held during the day against repeated attacks of the enemy in strong force. Late in the afternoon, the Third brigade, with General Pender's and General Archer's, was ordered to move forward in echelon; the enemy were driven back a distance of a mile and a half, and the brigade bivouacked that night some distance to the rear of the enemy's position during the day.

On Monday, September first, near Germantown, the Third was ordered to the support of General Gregg's brigade. After a sharp conflict with a body of the enemy, they were driven back, and the field held by our troops that night.

On September fourteenth and fifteenth, this brigade was ordered to support General Pender, then advancing upon Harper's Ferry. We were exposed to a heavy artillery fire, which caused some loss, but took no active part, and had moved within a short distance of the enemy's works when they surrendered.

At Shepherdstown, on September twentieth, we were placed in position on the extreme right of the line, and ordered to advance toward the Potomac River. Moving forward, we took position commanding the ford, remained under a heavy artillery fire until night, and were then ordered back to camp.

Colonel R. W. Folsom, Fourteenth Georgia regiment, Lieutenant-Colonel J. R. Manning, Forty-ninth Georgia regiment, and Major W. L. Grice, Forty-fifth Georgia regiment, led their commands with a skill and gallantry highly honorable to them. Major Lewis Ginter, Lieutenant William Norwood, of the staff, and Lieutenant John Tyler, acting Aid-de-camp, performed their duties with gallantry on the field, and I take this occasion to acknowledge their valuable services to me.

With few exceptions, the officers and men of this command conducted themselves on the field in a manner highly honorable to them. Their courage, their cheerful obedience to orders, and their patient endurance of hardships, cannot be commended too highly.

I have the honor to be, Major,

With highest respect, your obedient servant,

Edward L. Thomas, Colonel, commanding Brigade.


Report of Brigadier-General Archer.

headquarters Archer's brigade, camp Gregg, near Fredericksburg, Va., March 1, 1863.
Major R. C. Morgan, A. A. General, A. P. Hill's Light Division:
Major: I have the honor to present the following report of the operations of my brigade, in the series of battles from Warrenton Springs Ford to Shepherdstown, inclusive:

Warrenton Springs Ford, 24TH August, 1862.

My brigade remained in bivouac in reserve, in the edge of a wood, until the division was relieved by Hood's division about sunset, and although exposed to heavy shelling from the enemy's batteries, sustained no loss.

Manassas Junction, 26TH August.

The morning of the twenty-sixth August, we arrived at Manassas Junction, when the division was halted in column of brigades to the left of the depot. My brigade was soon after ordered to advance in the direction of a retreating piece of artillery, and on proceeding about a half mile, came in sight of the enemy's infantry, which advanced a short distance in line, and then filed diagonally to the left, to a position near the hospital; General Jackson, riding up at that time, with a battery, ordered me to support the battery. The enemy was soon broken, and retreated toward the railroad bridge of Bull Run, closely followed by a battery and my brigade, as far as the nature of the ground would permit the artillery to follow. I then, by order of General Jackson, sent the Nineteenth Georgia regiment in direct pursuit, while, with the other regiments, I proceeded down the railroad track, and soon became engaged with the enemy, who made a stand on the opposite side of Bull Run, at and near the railroad bridge. After about a half hour's firing, I crossed the run, and advanced about a half mile, when I was recalled from further pursuit. I then recrossed the run, and took a position on the hill commanding the bridge, where I remained until about ten o'clock P. M., when ordered to return to the Junction. My loss in this action was four killed and seventeen wounded. The regiments of my brigade were commanded as follows: First Tennessee, Colonel Turney; Seventh Tennessee, Major Sheppard; Fourteenth Tennessee, Colonel Forbes; Nineteenth Georgia, Captain L. Johnson; and Fifth Alabama battalion, Captain Bush.

Manassas Plains, 28TH, 29TH, and 30TH August.

The twenty-eighth August, after marching through Centreville, up the Warrenton turnpike,


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