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[658] as I was concerned. My loss here was very slight.

On Friday morning, August twenty-ninth, my brigade was placed in supporting distance of Colonel Thomas, with orders to support him, where it remained until the afternoon. Finally it seeming to me to be the time to go to his assistance, I ordered my brigade forward, moving just to the right of Colonel Thomas. My men moved forward very gallantly, driving the enemy back across the railroad cut, through the woods on the opposite side, and beyond their batteries in the adjoining field. A battery of the enemy, which was on the right of this wood, as we advanced, was flanked by my command, and the cannoneers deserted their pieces. My line was halted on the edge of the field in front of the enemy, where I remained some little while, when, being promised support from one of the staff in some of General Jackson's brigades, I crossed the field to attack the batteries. My men advanced well, receiving grape from their batteries; but support being waited for in vain, and seeing columns on my left and right manoeuvring to flank me, I withdrew, and marched back to the railroad cut, a little to the right of the position previously held by General Gregg. General Archer very kindly came forward and relieved me until I could march to the rear and rest my men. I was ordered to my extreme left in reserve, and remained there until the next afternoon, when I was ordered to the right to support some one of General Jackson's brigades. I marched across the railroad embankment, moving obliquely to the left, until I had reached the large field again, in which the enemy were formed. Finding nothing special to do here, unless it was to attack an overwhelming force of the enemy supported very strongly by artillery, I withdrew, after receiving a heavy fire of grape and shell, getting back to the railroad cut about the point I had reached the evening before. I received orders from you to march in conjunction with other troops, particularly with those of General Archer, Colonels Thomas, and Taliaferro. We all advanced together, taking the enemy, as it were, in echelon. We advanced steadily, driving the enemy from the field, through the woods, taking a part of his battery in the field, and the other part in the woods. While advancing through this field, we were exposed to a very heavy enfilade fire from the right. We continued our advance until after dark, when we came in contact with a body of the enemy: each man fired a volley; exchanging a few shots with the enemy, they ran, and we rested for the night. Thus ended the Manassas fight with me.

My brigade, with the exception of a few skulkers, behaved with great gallantry on both of these days; they could not have behaved better. I cannot particularize at this distant day, but I well recollect that Major Cole, commanding Twenty-second, behaved, as he had always done, with great coolness and bravery; also, Captain Stone, commanding Sixteenth North Carolina, and Captain Ashford, commanding Thirty-eighth North Carolina: the latter I had the misfortune to lose, in consequence of having received a wound in the leg.

In the afternoon, at Ox Hill, the head of the column coming in contact with the enemy, my brigade was for a few moments ordered under cover to be in support. Very soon I received orders from General Jackson to go to the support of Colonel Brockenbrough, who reported he was hard pressed. I moved forward several hundred yards, when I came in rear of Colonel Brockenbrough's brigade, which caused mine to be thrown slightly out of order; two regiments bearing to the right, and thus getting separated from the others before I saw the trouble. The woods were quite thick; I, however, moved them on, bringing two to the support of Colonel Thomas, and the others to the assistance of General Branch, who was some distance to the right. My brigade was thus placed between the two above-named brigades, with a short interval in my centre. Only the Sixteenth and Thirty-fourth North Carolina, on the right, were actively engaged. After reaching the next field, in which the enemy were posted, no attempt was made to advance. My two regiments suffered very severely from direct and flank fire. This continued till about dark, I having previously caused my fire to cease. Colonel Riddick and Lieutenant-Colonel Miller, Thirty-fourth, both received wounds of which they died. Captain Stone, commanding Sixteenth North Carolina, was also wounded.

At Harper's Ferry, my brigade was on the left of the division advancing from the point where the railroad and river meet. My brigade advanced within about sixty yards of the breastwork on the west front of Bolivar Heights, having that night exchanged shots with the enemy several times on their way there. Colonel Brewer, next in command of the brigade, at this time did himself great credit in the manner in which he handled it. Being absent when my brigade had reached this advanced position, on my return I ordered it to fall back a short distance, knowing no troops were in a supporting distance. The next morning, according to your order, I moved nearer, under cover, while our artillery played upon the enemy. The artillery ceasing, I, in obedience to previous orders, commenced the advance, but halted on the fire of our artillery opening again. I remained in this position, about one hundred and fifty yards distant from the above-named breastwork, until after the surrender. Here, again, my officers and men behaved finely. At Sharpsburg, on Wednesday, September sixteenth, my brigade was on the right of the division, but not actually engaged, being under fire at long range of musketry. The next morning I was ordered to take position between Colonel Brockenbrough, on the left, and Colonel Lane, on my right. Here we were exposed all day to the enemy's sharpshooters, about six hundred yards distant. We remained in this position until late at night. At Shepherdstown, September eighteenth, 1862, my brigade formed the left of our division. Advancing to within about three hundred yards, we were opened upon by the artillery from the

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