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[670] shot down while gallantly transmitting my orders. Enclosed herewith please find the reports of regimental and battery commanders.

The total loss of Evans's brigade in the above-mentioned engagements is one thousand and twenty-four aggregate, from an aggregate of one thousand eight hundred and thirty on the thirtieth July, 1862. It is proper to state that the aggregate for duty was afterward increased to twenty-two hundred by the addition of the Twenty-third regiment South Carolina volunteers.

In conclusion, I would call the attention of the Major-General commanding to the gallant conduct of the officers of this brigade.

In each engagement some field officer was either wounded or killed. I had neglected to mention above the loss of the gallant Lieutenant-Colonel T. C. Watkins, of the Twenty-third regiment South Carolina volunteers, and Major R. S. Means, of the Seventeenth regiment, both of whom were shot down while cheering their regiments. Colonel Watkins was killed instantly, and Major Means, severely wounded in both legs, was left in the hands of the enemy.

Respectfully submitted.

N. G. Evans, Brigadier-General, commanding.
P. S. The report of the Eighteenth regiment South Carolina volunteers will be forwarded tomorrow.



Report of Brigadier-General Ransom of battle of Sharpsburg.

headquarters Ransom's brigade, camp near Martinsburg, Va., Sept. 22, 1862.
Captain William A. Smith, Assistant Adjutant-General :
sir: I have the honor to make the following report of the part performed by my brigade in the battle near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on the seventeenth instant:

The regiments present were the Twenty-fourth, Twenty-fifth, Thirty-fifth, and Forty-ninth North Carolina troops, commanded respectively by Lieutenant-Colonel Harris, Colonel Rutledge, Colonel Ransom, and Lieutenant-Colonel McAfee. The strength present was about sixteen hundred aggregate.

About three o'clock, in the morning of the seventeenth instant, the brigade, followed by the others of the division, was moved to the extreme right of the position occupied by our troops, and posted upon some hills which commanded an open country. Here it remained in line until about nine o'clock, when an order from General Lee directed the division to the left, where the enemy was pushing back our forces.

From the first position the brigade moved left in front until we had passed the town of Sharpsburg some half mile to the north, when it was formed into line by inversion, bringing the Forty-ninth over the right. The line was formed under a severe fire, and in the presence of some of our troops, who had been driven back. As soon as formed, the whole brigade was pushed rapidly forward, and, after passing some two hundred yards, I received orders to form to the right and resist the enemy, who were in possession of a piece of woods. The change of position was effected with three of the regiments, the Forty-ninth, Twenty-fifth, and Thirty-fifth; but the Twenty-fourth, on the extreme left, had come upon the enemy and opened fire, and continued in the first position, upon the left of General Barksdale's brigade.

Upon reaching the woods, we met parts of Hood's and Early's commands, and, leaving them, immediately encountered the enemy in strong force, flushed with a temporary success. A tremendous fire was poured into them, and, without a halt, the woods was cleared, and the crest next the enemy occupied.

At this time, I determined to charge across a field in our front, and to a woods beyond, which was held by the enemy; but he again approached in force to within a hundred yards, where he was met by the same crushing fire which had driven him first from the position. I now went to recall the Twenty-fourth, which had passed on,--which had been directed, as I afterward heard, by General Stewart, to occupy a position near the extreme left,--but finding it was so far away, returned. During my absence, the enemy again attempted to force the position, after subjecting us to a fearful storm of iron missiles for thirty minutes. Colonel Ransom, commanding during my absence, repulsed him signally, and put an end to any further attempt by infantry to dislodge us. Immediately after this, fire from two large batteries was opened upon us, and continued with occasional intermissions until nightfall.

About noon, General Longstreet sent me word to take the battery in our front, and the order to advance was given, when General McLaws arrived, and ordered me to desist from the attempt. Again, about two or three o'clock, I received instructions to advance and take the battery. Just at this time the enemy was observed to have massed a strong force about the batteries, and General Walker, having arrived, forbade the movement until he could communicate with General Longstreet in person. Shortly afterward, orders came to defer any attempt upon the enemy's position until General Jackson should have attacked him upon his right flank. This was not accomplished by General Jackson, and the effort to capture the two large batteries, which had almost incessantly played upon us for eight hours, was not made.

I cannot too highly compliment the men and officers for their gallant behavior during the entire day. They formed under a galling fire, and, in presence of our retiring troops, pressed forward and drove back a far superior force, and three times afterward repulsed determined attacks of the enemy, and in largely superior numbers to our own. But the highest credit is due for the perfect coolness exhibited during an eight hours exposure to an unparalleled cannonade, and within canister range.

I will not close my report without bringing to


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