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[675] so that men lying down at the foot of the hill would be protected, by the intervening little crest, from the battery's fire. When the regiment reached the foot of the hill, I ordered them to halt and lie down, to recover their breath a little. This they did. In about five minutes, during which a terrific storm of missiles was passing just over their heads, I ordered them to rise and take the battery. They rose at the word, and quickly advanced up the hill and beyond the crest, and some of them almost up to the guns. Whilst, however, we had been resting at the foot of the hill, the enemy had not been idle. They had got several pieces into position on our right flank, at a short distance from us, and with these they also opened upon us, thus subjecting us to a fire both in front and flank. This was not all. Heavy infantry supports, though not to be seen when the charge was ordered at the thicket, had now become visible, in close proximity to the battery in our front. No supports to us were anywhere in sight. Under these circumstances, I thought it would be madness to let the regiment go on; that if they took the battery they would not be able to hold it, and therefore would, after taking it, either have to retreat or all be captured or exterminated. I preferred to fall back at once, although some of the men were almost up to the guns. I accordingly gave the order to fall back. And then the regiment, in tolerable order, fell back about two hundred yards, under a terrific fire from both of the batteries and from the infantry supports. When it came to the dry bed of the branch already mentioned, then I halted it, and ordered the men to lie down in the bed of the branch, and thus get as much protection from the enemy's fire as possible, and at the same time be in a position from which they could return that fire with some effect. This they did.

Whilst the regiment was charging through the pine thicket, and when it had gotten about half way through it, I discovered, close to our left, near the edge of the thicket, by the branch, two or three of the enemy's pieces of artillery, completely abandoned. When or why these were abandoned I do not know. But it is certain that, abandoned at whatever time and for whatever cause they might be, they were not captured guns as long as the large pine thicket close by them was full of the enemy's infantry to guard and protect them. These guns, therefore, I respectfully submit, the Twentieth Georgia is entitled to the credit of taking. After disposing of the regiment as aforesaid in the bed of the branch, I thought it was time for me to leave it, and seek the other regiments of the brigade, and give them my services.

I accordingly left the Twentieth, and was with it no more during the battle. It will be seen, however, from the report of Major Waddell, who commanded the regiment, that it continued to fight to the last, and not without effect.

I cannot close this notice of the part taken by the Twentieth in the battle without asking leave to bestow the tribute of my warmest admiration upon the conduct of both officers and men. It was really brilliant, and the name of every officer and of every man deserves to be known; but I have room only for the officers. They are, Major J. D. Waddell, commanding regiment; Captain E. M. Seago, second in command; Lieutenant W. N. Huchins, Acting Adjutant; company A, Captain A. B: Ross and Lieutenant W. W. Brazeal; company B, Captain Mitchell; Lieutenant J. M. Granberry, wounded; company C, Captain W. Y. Dearry, wounded, Lieutenant Robert Jordan and Lieutenant J. H. Spier, killed; company D, Captain S. W. Blance, Lieutenant J. L. Carter and Lieutenant J. S. Hammock, wounded ; company K, Lieutenant George F. Adams and Lieutenant L. W. Davis; company E, Captain R. D. Little and Lieutenant J. A. Maddon; company L, Lieutenants G. S. Thomas, W. L. Abbott, and J. R. Richards; company G, Lieutenant T. S. Fontaine, wounded; company H, Lieutenant T. C. Huebreath, killed; company I, Captain C. B. Mines; Lieutenant J. T. Scott, wounded.

The loss of the regiment was heavy. The killed were twenty-two, the wounded one hundred and seven, and the missing six, exclusive of officers. The number carried into action was, exclusive of officers, only three hundred and thirty-five; and of these, nearly one third were barefooted, without a piece of leather to their feet. After leaving the Twentieth, I went to seek the other three regiments. On passing from the pine thicket into the large field in which they commenced the fight, no troops, except a few small parties, were visible. After some inquiry, I was told by a man, who seemed well informed, that the regiments had gone down on the right, to support Stuart's cavalry in pursuit of the enemy. I galloped in that direction for about a mile and a half, as I thought, when I came in sight of the cavalry, and saw that no infantry was near it. I then returned; and soon after reaching the same field, I observed a brigade approaching, led by a General. To him I advanced, and found him to be General D. R. Jones, accompanied by General Drayton. They were bringing General Drayton's brigade into action. General Jones informed me that the three regiments were then under the immediate command of General Toombs, who had shortly before that time reached the field. I also learned that they were not then engaged in the action, and would not be again; that after a long and hot fight, with heavy loss to the Seventeenth, they had been ordered back a little, to be replaced by fresh troops. I concluded then, that instead of going to the Seventeenth, which alone was, by the recent arrival of General Toombs, left me to command, I would report to General Kemper, and ask him to let me serve him as an Aid. I did so, and he kindly accepted my offer, and I remained with him until the battle was over and he left the field.

It will have been perceived that it was impossible for me to have any personal knowledge of the part taken by these three regiments in the action, as I was not with them. I learned, however, from the best sources, that their conduct was

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