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[682] off the field after night. In consequence of being separated from Drayton's right, by the order of General Ripley, and having to recross the road to avoid being surrounded, my men were not engaged in the fight, except the first line of skirmishers, under Captain Wayne. For casualties, see accompanying lists. Falling back from this place, I was ordered to report to Brigadier-General Hood, commanding the rear guard, and remained with him until our arrival at Sharpsburg. I was ordered into position in rear of the Washington artillery, and remained there, except about three hours, being moved to the opposite side of the road for that length of time, until the morning of the seventeenth. About half past 7 o'clock A. M., on the seventeenth, I was ordered to the left to support General Hood, without a guide or direction how to find him. I moved off, and directed my course by the sound of the musketry, and succeeded in finding General Hood, who pointed out the position he wished me to occupy. I remained in this position but a few moments; other troops he moved in front of me, and I moved by the left flank, some two hundred yards, and engaged the enemy, and drove them for about half a mile, my men and officers behaving in the most gallant manner. By this time the enemy had disappeared from before us, and, while I was at a different part of the line, some mounted officer, unknown, reported the enemy turning our right flank, and ordered the men to fall back, and some confusion was created ; but I soon re-formed the line, and moved to the right, near the first position I had held. From this point I was ordered to the Hagerstown road by a staff officer of General Longstreet, and moved to that place, taking position behind the stone fence, a large number of the enemy being in front of us in a cornfield. In a short time the enemy opened an enfilade fire on my position with long-range artillery, and I was forced to change, moving down the road toward Sharpsburg, under the crest of the hill. At this point I found a six-pounder gun, and, getting a few men to assist in placing it in position, a Lieutenant of infantry, whose name or regiment I do not know, served it most beautifully, until the ammunition was exhausted. Parts of several brigades by this time had been collected at this point, and, by direction of General D. H. Hill, were formed in line perpendicularly to and on the right of the road, near the position occupied by Rodes's brigade early in the morning. This was about two or three o'clock P. M. Placing me in command, General Hill ordered me to occupy the crest of the hill to my right and rear. I moved to the position, and sent forward skirmishers, but failed to find the enemy. The enemy opening a cross-fire of artillery from the left on us, I moved back to the other position, which was approved by General Hill, who, riding forward to the crest of the hill in our front, called my attention to a line of the enemy advancing, apparently, to attack us. Suffering them to come near us, I ordered my command to charge them, which they did in splendid style and good order, killing and wounding many of the enemy, taking several prisoners, and routing the remainder. We could not pursue them as far as I wished, because of the severe fire of artillery directed against us from long-range guns, which we could not reach. In this charge parts of Wilcox's, Featherston's, and Pryor's brigades participated with mine, and, I am proud to say, all, officers and men, behaved admirably.

The Eleventh Georgia regiment, Major Little commanding, had been detached at Hagerstown, on the fourteenth, by order of Brigadier-General D. R. Jones, commanding division, and did not join me until the eighteenth. Major Little, with five companies, reached Sharpsburg on the morning of the seventeenth, and participated in the fight on our right, under command of Brigadier-General Toombs. General D. R. Jones speaks in high terms of their good conduct. I forward Major Little's report, leaving it to the officers under whose command he fought to do him and his men justice.

The battery attached to my brigade, the Wise artillery, Captain J. S. Brown commanding, was not with me, nor have I received any report from it. Captain Brown was severely wounded by a musket ball passing entirely through his foot.

I can but say that, in each of these engagements, all the officers and men of the brigade, with a few exceptions, have behaved in the most gallant manner, nearly the whole of each action being conducted under my own eye. I know of no particular case of individual bravery, and can make no discrimination where all have done so well, it appearing to be the determination of every one to do his whole duty, as the list of casualties accompanying this report will testify, showing a loss of eight hundred and ninety-four killed, wounded, and missing, out of about two thousand two hundred, with which I reached Gordonsville.

I must express my many obligations to Lieutenant H. L. D. McDaniel, Eleventh Georgia regiment, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General during the sickness of Lieutenant Hardwick, for his universal good conduct and gallantry. He was relieved by Lieutenant Hardwick on the twenty-eighth of August, Lieutenant McDaniel having been appointed Assistant Quartermaster to his regiment.

Lieutenant Hardwick being wounded on the thirtieth August, at Chinn's house, Lieutenant Blackwell, Eighth Georgia regiment, has filled the position of Acting Assistant Adjutant-General very much to my satisfaction, and I have found him at all times prompt and faithful in the discharge of his duties.

I am also under many obligations to Captain Thomas G. Jackson, volunteer Aid and acting ordnance officer of the brigade, for his good conduct and ability in the discharge of his duties; and also to Captain Frederick West, volunteer Aid, who has been with me since the affair at Thoroughfare Gap, and has nobly and faithfully done his duty.

Many thanks are due to Captain Holliday,


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