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[707] it was not possible to get the guns in position before dark.

Early on Friday, the twenty-ninth, the enemy renewed the attack over nearly the same ground, while our troops occupied pretty generally the same position. His infantry being repulsed by ours, artillery was thrown out in front of our right to complete it. The batteries of Captains Poague, Carpenter, Dement, Brockenbrough, and Latimer, under Major Shumaker, were so engaged, facing obliquely toward Groveton, while the battery of Captain Braxton was placed farther to our right, bearing on the road from Groveton to Warrenton, in case the enemy should advance from that direction, rather in rear of the other batteries. This did not, however, happen, and so Captain Braxton's battery was not engaged then. The other batteries did not all come into action at once.

The enemy endeavored to cover his repulse by batteries thrown into position to play on the first of ours that opened on his retiring infantry. These were answered by fresh batteries of ours, and thus began a very. fierce artillery duel, which lasted till about ten o'clock A. M., our batteries being gradually withdrawn, and the enemy moving around more to our left, to select another point of attack.

His next effort, later in the day, was directed against Brigadier-General Gregg's brigade, which, forming the right of Major-General A. P. Hill's division, joined the Second Virginia brigade, which formed the left of Jackson's division. This being in the woods, no artillery was placed there; but, as the enemy was repulsed, a section of Captain Pegram's battery was brought up, and fired a few shots.

The enemy's next attack was still farther to the left. At this time General A. P. Hill's brigades were posted from right to left, in this order: Gregg's, Field's, Thomas's, Branch's, Pender's, and Archer's. On the left (of the line) was Captain Braxton's battery of six guns; to the right of General Archer's brigade was Captain Crenshaw's battery of four guns; and to its right, to the left and rear of General Branch's brigade, was Captain Latham's battery of four guns, commanded by Lieutenant Potts. About two o'clock P. M., the enemy made an assault upon the front of Generals Thomas, Branch, and Field, which, of course, (as was the case with his former and subsequent attacks,) was preceded and accompanied by a heavy shelling of the adjacent woods. He also brought up two rifle guns on his right, which opened on the position occupied by General Branch's brigade, in a clump of woods, while his infantry attempted to charge across the field in front. Their guns were speedily driven off by Captain Braxton's battery, which was moved still farther to our left for the purpose, and their infantry was easily repelled. In a short time the attack was renewed, over the same ground and in the same way. By this time, the batteries of Captains Crenshaw and Latham had been moved out so as to get an oblique fire on their infantry, and also to bear on the battery on their right. The latter was quickly forced to retire by the fire of the batteries of Captains Braxton and Crenshaw, while the latter, with that of Captain Latham, poured a heavy fire on their infantry at about four hundred and fifty yards' distance. The attack was of short duration, and they were again repulsed, and this time followed up by General Branch's brigade. In a short time after entering the woods, the latter was driven out and followed by the enemy, who were checked at the edge of the woods by the fire of these batteries, and again quickly repulsed by fresh infantry, (General Lawton's division, I believe,) and General Branch's brigade was re-formed. The fight then shifted more to the right, as General Hill ordered an advance of his line, (the enemy having fallen back obliquely toward our right.) As Brigadier-General Pender's brigade advanced directly to the front, Captain Crenshaw's battery was moved forward and shelled the woods in front, while Captain Braxton's battery was moved around to the right of General Hill's line and opened fire on the retiring enemy there, until General Hood's brigade drove the enemy from their position on the heights opposite Groveton.

On Saturday, the thirtieth instant, this army corps occupied still the same position. About three P. M., the enemy attacked along our front, having advanced from the direction of Centreville. In this attack his line exposed its left flank to batteries on the rising ground from our right across to the Groveton and Warrenton pike. Accordingly, the batteries of Captains Johnson, D'Aquin, Rice, Wooding, Poague, Carpenter, Brockenbrough, and Latimer, were so placed, in all eighteen guns, their right joining the left of General Longstreet's batteries. Their fire was directed upon the last line of the enemy's forces, which was broken under it, just as it nearly reached the edge of the woods, and never reformed within their range. As soon as it was observed to be giving way, I moved forward Captain Garber's battery of four guns at a gallop, to move down into the plain below, so as to get an enfilading position on their other lines when they should be repulsed from the woods in which they were engaged with our infantry, and so endeavor to convert the repulse into a rout. Just as the battery was getting into position and the enemy began to fall back from the woods, Brigadier-General Early's brigade charged from the woods, and, effecting a change of front perpendicularly forward to the left, formed a line between the battery and the enemy, so that the former could not fire. The same movement checked also the fire of all the short-ranged guns from the hill, and so they were withdrawn, and the others, viz., those of Captains Brockenbrough, Latimer, and D'Aquin, were at once moved round to the range of hills to the right of the Groveton and Centreville road, where the enemy were concentrating a very heavy fire of artillery on General Longstreet's line. Here they engaged the enemy's batteries for the remainder of the fight. Captain Wooding's battery and Carpenter's were retained in their first position, engaging the enemy's batteries


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