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[714] the Foxville and Warrenton roads. Heavy musketry, during the evening, announced that the enemy had crossed the river and attacked General Trimble; but later it was found that he had driven them back. A very heavy fall of rain during the night raised the Rappahannock so much as to render it entirely impassable, the bridge having been destroyed by the enemy in their retreat.

Early on the morning of the twenty-third, Lieutenants C. R. Howard and H. T. Rogers, engineers on General Hill's staff, commenced to build a temporary bridge for the passage of General Early's troops. About eleven A. M., General Jackson, fearing lest the enemy might advance a heavy force against General Early before the bridge could be finished, ordered me to point out to General Early's Assistant Adjutant-General, Major Hall, a road by which the brigade might be moved to Waterloo in case it should be forced back. This was done, and on my return to the Springs, a little before sunset, I found the bridge completed and General Early engaged in an artillery fight with the enemy, advancing on the Foxville road; they were driven back, and during the night General Early recrossed into Culpeper. A fierce cannonade was kept up during the entire day of the twenty-fourth between our batteries, on the hills near Dr. Scott's, and those of the enemy, on the opposite side of the river. About three P. M., I received an order from General Jackson to report immediately to him at Jeffersonton, which being done, he directed me to select the most direct and covered route to Manassas. I recommended that by Amissville, Hinson's Mill, Orlean, Salem, Thoroughfare, and Gainesville, which he approved, and directed me to select guides, which I did from Captain Adams's company, Sixth Virginia cavalry, and to direct the front division, in person, at dawn on the following morning. Finding General Ewell's division the most advanced, I conducted it through Amissville, and crossed the Rappahannock at Hinson's Mill. Soon after crossing the river, I was ordered by General Jackson to take a portion of the Black Horse cavalry, Captain Randolph, and Captain Tebbs's company Second Virginia cavalry, and advance to Salem, which place I reached, via Orleans and Hume Run Church, about four P. M., without encountering any portion of the enemy's forces. Later in the evening, Colonel Munford came up, with the Second Virginia cavalry, and we spent the night in the town, the advance of the infantry encamping a mile south of the town.

Early on the morning of the twenty-sixth, General Ewell moved forward, followed by A. P. Hill and Taliaferro, passing through the Plains and Thoroughfare Gap, to Gainesville. Here, leaving the Manassas road and moving to the right, the advance came in sight of Bristoe Station, Orange and Alexandria Railroad, about sunset, just after one of the enemy's trains of cars passed the station. Advancing suddenly, the Louisiana brigade captured a number of prisoners, acting as depot and bridge guard. In a few minutes another train came in sight, moving in the direction of Alexandria. It was fired upon by the Louisiana brigade, and an attempt made to stop it, but without effect. A third train soon came in sight, and was fired upon; the track, a short distance beyond the depot, had been previously removed, and the train, consisting of an engine with about twenty empty cars, was thrown down a high embankment and very much broken. A fifth train shared the same fate. Still another came in sight, but returned in the direction of Warrenton. General Jackson directed me to move the engines and cars across Broad Run Bridge, in the direction of Manassas Junction; but I reported, after examination, that the engine and cars were so broken that it would be impossible to move them; he then ordered me to destroy the bridge over Broad Run, and, at day-break on the following morning, to fire the cars and engines, which was done. During the night, General Stuart, with a portion of his cavalry and General Trimble's brigade of Ewell's division, took possession of Manassas Junction, and early on the following morning, twenty-seventh, General Taliaferro and General A. P. Hill's divisions joined them at that point. General Ewell, with Taylor's, Lawton's, and Early's brigades, remained at Bristoe. After completing the destruction of the trains and bridge, in which I was assisted by Captain C. R. Howard and Lieutenant H. T. Rogers, of General A. P. Hill's staff, I joined General Jackson just in time to see the rear of the enemy's retreating column. During the evening, General Ewell had a brisk engagement with the advance of Pope's army, moving from Warrenton in the direction of Alexandria; he fell back to Manassas Junction at sunset.

During the night the entire command marched in the direction of Sudley Mills, and bivouacked between Cartharpin Creek and Sudley Mills, one mile north of Groveton. On the following day, I was taken sick and sent to the rear, and did not rejoin the command till the nineteenth September.

Enclosed you will find a map of the region from Orange Court-House to Sudley Mills, with the route of the corps designated by a heavy black line.

I am, Colonel, most respectfully,

J. K. Boswell, Captain and Chief Engineer Second Army Corps.


Report of Captain Brown of battle of Slaughter's Gap.

headquarters Nineteenth Virginia regiment, October 15, 1862.
On Sunday, the fourteenth of September, the Nineteenth Virginia regiment, numbering one hundred and fifty men, after marching from Hagerstown, Maryland, to Boonsboroa, was ordered to load and prepare for action. The sun was nearly setting behind the western hills when the regiment was formed in line of battle, on the top of a hill, with an open space in front, where the enemy lay, concealed behind a stone fence, at the distance of fifteen paces. A murderous fire was at once opened upon the regiment by the concealed


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