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[15] He desired “the country to understand that the Constitution of the United States is no longer to be held as the measure of power on one side and of obedience on the other, but that it is to be put aside to carry out the purposes of the majority.” Mr. Lane, of Indiana, declared: “I sanction and approve every thing that the President has done during the recess of Congress, and the people sanction and approve it, and there is no power this side of Heaven that can reverse that decision of the American people.”

On the nineteenth, Mr. Bayard, of Delaware, addressed the Senate for two hours in opposition to the resolution; and on the twentieth, Mr. Latham, of California, spoke for nearly two hours against it, and Mr. Rice, of Minnesota, “indorsed to the fullest extent, all that had that day so ably and eloquently fallen from his lips.” On the twenty-seventh, Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee, addressed the Senate at length. He declared the cause of the rebellion to be “disappointed, impatient, unhallowed ambition.” “Certain men could not wait any longer, and they seized the occasion to do what they had been wanting to do for a long time — break up the Government. If they could not rule a large country, they thought they might rule a small one.” He declared that “A distinguished Senator from Georgia once said, ‘ when traitors become numerous enough, treason becomes respectable.’ Traitors are getting to be so numerous now that I suppose treason has almost got to be respectable; but God, being willing, whether traitors be many or few, as I have hitherto waged war against traitors and treason, and in behalf of the Government which was constructed by our fathers, I intend to continue it to the end.” [Applause in the galleries.]

Mr. Pearce, of Maryland, spoke on the thirtieth, against the resolution and in condemnation of the action of the Government in his State, which he pronounced to be “positive, arbitrary, causeless, and wanton oppression.” On the second of August, Mr. Wilson moved to take up the resolution for consideration. Mr. Trumbull, of Illinois, opposed the motion and demanded the yeas and nays, and they were ordered — yeas, twenty-eight; nays, eleven. Mr. Doolittle moved it to the Judiciary Committee. Mr. Polk demanded the yeas and nays, and they were ordered — yeas, seventeen; nays, twenty-three. Mr. Sherman, of Ohio, said: “I am going to vote for the resolution, and I am going to vote for it upon the assumption that the different acts of the administration recited in this preamble were illegal, and not upon the assumption that they were legal and valid. I ‘approve’ of the doing of them, and therefore I vote for that portion of the resolution. I am willing to make them as ‘ legal and valid’ as if they had the previous express sanction of Congress; and therefore I vote for that clause of the resolution. I vote for these measures; and I approve them, as I said in the outset, all the more because the taking of them involved the President in some personal hazard. I will not approve them more, but I admire them the more because he did not hesitate to save the republic, although the act of saving it might be attended by some personal risk to himself.”

The Senate, on the sixth, resumed the consideration of the resolution. Mr. King thought we had no time to amend it and there was no probability that it would pass the House so near the close of the session. Mr. Fessenden was ready to vote for the passage of the resolution, but thought the House at that late hour would not pass it. Mr. Trumbull declared he never would vote for it, and yielded the floor to Mr. King, who moved to go into executive session. The motion prevailed, and the resolution was not again considered.

No. Vi.--The Bill to authorize the Secretary of War to reimburse Volunteers for Expenses incurred in employing Regimental Bands, and for other purposes.

In the Senate, July fifteenth, Mr. Rice, of Minnesota, introduced a bill authorizing the Secretary of War to reimburse the New-York Seventy-first regiment for expenses incurred in employing regimental bands. The bill was read twice and referred to the Military Committee. On the nineteenth, Mr. Rice reported back the bill with an amendment to strike out all after the enacting clause, and to insert in lieu of it, that the Secretary of War be authorized and directed to refund, to the volunteers called out by the President's proclamation of the fifteenth April, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, such sums of money as might have been expended by the said volunteers in the employment of regimental or company bands during the period of their service under said proclamation: Provided, the amount to be allowed should not exceed that to be paid to volunteer bands regularly mustered into the service under the President's proclamation of May third, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one. On the twentieth, the bill was considered, amended and passed, and on motion of Mr. Grimes its title was so amended as to read: “A bill authorizing the Secretary of War to reimburse volunteers for expenses incurred in employing regimental and other bands.” In the House, on the twenty-seventh, Mr. Blair reported it back from the military committee to whom it had been referred, the bill authorizing the Secretary of War to pay regiment al and other bands, employed by volunteer regiments, with an amendment as an additional section, providing “that the President, in accepting and organizing volunteers under an act entitled ‘An act authorizing the employment of volunteers to aid in enforcing the laws and protecting public property,’ approved July twenty-second, 1861, might accept the service of such volunteers without previous proclamation, and in such numbers, from any State or States as, in his discretion, the public service might require.” The amendment was agreed to, and the bill as amended passed without a division. In the Senate, on the twenty-ninth, the House amendment was concurred in; and the bill was approved

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