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 of necessity, engage again in the varied avocations of civil life. While it was, therefore, the duty of the national government, in its civil appointments, to give the preference to men who had been maimed by wounds, or broken by disease, it was the sacred duty of bankers, merchants, manufacturers, mechanics, farmers, and business men in all the various avocations, to give the preference in all industrial pursuits to soldiers who had been honorably discharged from the service of their country. The joint resolution declared that persons honorably discharged from the military or naval service by reason of disability resulting from wounds or sickness incurred in the line of duty, should be preferred for appointments to civil offices, provided they should be found to possess the business capacity necessary for the proper discharge of the duties of such offices; that, in grateful recognition of the services, sacrifices, and sufferings of persons honorably discharged from the military and naval service by reason of wounds, disease, or the expiration of terms of enlistment, it was respectfully recommended to bankers, merchants, manufacturers, mechanics, farmers, and persons engaged in industrial pursuits, to give them the preference for appointments to remunerative situations and employments. On the twenty-third of March, on motion of Mr. Wilson, the joint resolution was taken up, and it passed without division in both Houses, and was approved by the President on the third of March, 1865. No. Lxxxiv.--The Bill to provide for a Chief of Staff to the Lieutenant-General Commanding the Armies of the United States. In the Senate, on the twenty-fifth of February, 1865, Mr. Wilson introduced a bill to provide for a chief of staff to the Lieutenant-General commanding the armies of the United States, which was read twice, and referred to the Military Committee. On the first day of March, Mr. Wilson reported it back without amendment. By unanimous consent, the Senate proceeded to consider the bill, which provided that the President of the United States might, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint a chief of staff to the Lieutenant-General commanding the armies of the United States, who should have the rank, pay, and emoluments of a brigadier-general in the United States army. It was passed without debate or opposition. On the second of March, the House, on motion of Mr. Schenck, took the bill from the Speaker's table, and passed it without opposition. It was approved by the President on the third of March, 1865. No. Lxxxv.--The Joint Resolution tendering the Thanks of Congress to Major-General George H. Thomas, and the Army under his Command. In the House, on the nineteenth of January, 1865, Mr. Cox, of Ohio, introduced a joint resolution, tendering the thanks of Congress to Major-General George H. Thomas and the army under his command, which was read twice, and referred to the Military Committee. On the twentieth, Mr. Garfield, of Ohio, reported it back, with an amendment in the nature of a substitute. The amendment proposed by the Military Committee was, to strike out all after the word “resolved,” and insert: “That the thanks of Congress be tendered to Major-General H. Thomas, and the officers and soldiers under his command, for their skill and dauntless courage, by which the rebel army under General Hood was signally defeated and driven from the State of Tennessee.” The amendment was agreed to, and the resolution as amended passed. In the Senate, on the eleventh of February, Mr. Wilson, from the Committee on Military Affairs, to whom it had been referred, reported back the joint resolution, tendering the thanks of Congress to Major-General Thomas, without amendment. On the twentieth, Mr. Brown, of Missouri, called up the resolution, and proposed an amendment, tendering the thanks of Congress to Rear-Admiral S. P. Lee. The amendment was received and ordered to be printed, On the twenty-first, the Senate, on motion of Mr. Wilson, proceeded to consider the joint resolution. On motion of Mr. Brown, it was amended, by adding that the thanks of Congress be tendered to Captain S. Phillips Lee, and to the officers and seamen under his command, for the skill, gallantry, and good conduct exhibited by them in cooperation with the land forces under command of Major-General Thomas in the great and decisive victories in Tennessee. The resolution as amended was then passed. On the third of March, Mr. Schenck, from the Committee on Military Affairs, reported back the joint resolution, with a recommendation that the amendment tendering the thanks of Congress to Captain Lee be not concurred in; and the amendment was not agreed to. The Senate, on motion of Mr. Brown, receded from its amendment, and the joint resolution was passed, and was approved by the President on the third of March, 1865. No. Lxxxvi.--The Bill for the Better Organization of the Pay Department of the Army. In the Senate, on the thirtieth of January, 1865, Mr. Wilson introduced a bill for the better organization of the pay department of the army, which was read twice, and referred to the Military Committee. On the ninth of February, Mr. Wilson reported it back without amendment. It provided that the Paymaster-General should have the rank, pay, and emoluments of brigadier-general. That there should be added to the pay department two assistant paymaster-generals, who should be ex-officio inspector-generals of the department, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of colonels of infantry. That the appointments to these offices should be made by selection from the officers of the pay department, including the additional paymasters and the chief clerk, and who should have had at least
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