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[114] which it enfiladed, burst about the thirty-ninth discharge. Although many persons were standing near, among them the commanding General and Lieutenant-General Longstreet, and, perhaps within ten feet, the undersigned, by a remarkable providence, the explosion was entirely harmless. Not a single individual received from it so much as a scratch. A small Parrott was immediately substituted, and orders were sent by an Aid for Lane's Whitworth to be removed to this point as speedily as possible. But before it arrived darkness had closed upon the scene; the enemy's last feeble attempt, made after dark, had failed, and the tumult of battle settled into the stillness of death.

Although the enemy had been thus far successfully repelled, alike on the right and left, it was confidently expected that a more serious attack would be made next morning; accordingly, measures were taken to meet it effectually. On request from General Jackson for additional guns to strengthen his extreme right, Milledge's battery of light rifles, which had that evening arrived from below, was ordered to report at dawn next morning to Major Pelham, who had charge of one or two batteries on the right. And at the request of General McLaws, who wished to detect and frustrate any effort of working parties of the enemy near our lines next the town, the undersigned caused to be prepared at the ordnance workshop, and conducted to the batteries on Marye's Hill, some incendiary shells, to be used, if found necessary, in firing certain buildings suitably situated so as to illuminate the scene and reveal any works in course of construction. This proved superfluous. Nothing being attempted by the enemy, the shells were not used. These duties necessarily occupied the undersigned till late, and required the active services of members of his staff during most of the night.

Sunday morning, the fourteenth, the decisive battle was expected. Accordingly, at an early hour the front was sought by the undersigned, as by others. The same dense fog prevailed as on previous mornings. The enemy, having been so destructively repelled from Marye's Hill on the day before, would not again essay that point, it was supposed, but concentrate upon the centre and right. And more effectually to frustrate anything like an attempt by surprise, under cover of the fog, to carry the heights occupied by the Whitworth and the remaining large Parrott, the short-range guns of Major Nelson's battalion were adjusted to sweep the approaches to those heights, and officers and men were kept on the alert at all the batteries. Nothing, however, occurred, except desultory firing. As the fog cleared up, the enemy appeared in full array along and near the river road, but comparatively inactive, as if, in some sort, respecting the Christian Sabbath. To watch their movements and counteract them by occasional shots, &c., was the course adopted on our part. As the day progressed, circumstances seemed to indicate a purpose by the enemy to throw a heavy force against and beyond our right flank, and the more adequately to meet the request of General Jackson the day before for stronger artillery there, the undersigned obtained the commanding General's sanction to the transfer of Lane's battery, save the Whitworth, from the extreme left to the extreme right. It was accordingly sent for, and marched several miles of the distance that night. On Monday, the fifteenth, the undersigned, supposing the still expected attack would be mainly directed against our right, proceeded thither for the purpose of posting Lane's battery and rendering other service. Having traversed the entire front between the left and right of General Jackson's corps, without meeting that commander, who had ridden, he was told, with the commanding General, the undersigned consulted other Generals there in command respecting positions to be occupied — especially General Stuart, whom he met at the defences on the hill near where the railroad emerges from the wood about Hamilton's Crossing. Having thus learned the localities in that quarter, he rode with Major Pelham and Captain Lane to select the best positions for Lane's guns.

Thus the morning passed, and the expected advance of the enemy remained unattempted. There was no serious movement, nor anything except distant and desultory firing. Nothing being likely to transpire, and all arrangements being made, the undersigned returned to the centre, and learned that the other large Parrott had burst at about the fifty-fourth discharge, providentially, again, doing no damage.

On Tuesday, the sixteenth, calling early at general headquarters, the undersigned learned that information had been brought of some mysterious movement of the enemy, and, hastening to the front, he saw, with astonishment, their immense trains and vast masses collected on the opposite side of the river. Under cover of night, the monstrous assailing host had stolen away to escape destruction. Nothing remained but to watch the discomfited multitude, and disturb their movements by an occasional shot from a long-range gun. A few of their most powerful pieces responded from time to time with shells well-directed towards our post of observation, but doing no harm whatever.

The contest was over, and the campaign virtually closed. In the eventful conflict thus terminated all the batteries of the general reserve, as well as those of the two army corps, were posted on the lines, and though not called, by the enemy's mode of attack, to bear the brunt of close and concentrated action, they were all more or less, and some quite severely, under fire. Lane's and Ross's, as of the best guns, were most in requisition, and rendered most service. Milledge's were useful on the river, and with Major Pelham in his successful dash upon the enemy when menacing our right flank. Patterson's, with a section of Ross's, under Major T. Jefferson Page, shared the defence of General Hood's front. And Kirkpatrick's and Massie's, under Major Nelson, rendered more secure the defences of Marye's Hill and the heights occupied by the large guns, and received a full share of the missiles


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