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[264] duty with so much zeal and courage it is almost impossible to make a distinction, but Brigadier General Posey, and his brave, untiring, persevering Mississippians, seem to me to deserve especial notice. Their steadiness at the furnace, on Saturday evening, when pressed by greatly superior numbers, saved our army from great peril, whilst their chivalrous charge upon the trenches on Sunday, contributed largely to the successes of that day. After three days and nights of incessant occupation, Saturday night was again passed by them in hard work upon intrenchments in front of the furnace, whilst the others had an opportunity to take some rest. But it would be doing injustice to Brigadier-General Wilcox to pass unnoticed his own gallant conduct, and that of his troops, at Salem Church, where they bore almost the whole brunt of the enemy's onset, and successfully repelled it. To Brigadier-General Mahone, to omit to mention his bold, skilled, and successful management, so well seconded by his brave Virginians; to Brigadier-General Wright and his high-spirited, fearless Georgians, whose attack at the furnace, on the evening of the first, and whose unflinching advance against the enemy's guns, under a heavy fire of grape, on the evening of the fourth, excited the admiration of all who saw them; and to Brigadier-General Perry and his heroic little band of Floridians, who showed a courage as intrepid as that of any others in their assault upon the enemy, in his intrenchments, on the third, and in their subsequent advance upon Chancellorsville. Lieutenant-Colonel Garnett and Majors Hardaway and Richardson, commanders of artillery, distinguished themselves by their activity, skill, and courage. I beg leave, also, to mention the meritorious services and general good conduct of the members of my staff, Majors T. S. Mills and R. P. Duncan, assistant adjutant and inspector-generals, Lieutenants Wm. McWillie and S. D. Shannon, aids-de-camp, and Messrs. R. D. Spaun, James G. Spaun, and E. J. Means, volunteer aids-de-camp. Captain E. N. Thurston, ordnance officer: Surgeons G. McF. Gaston and H. D. Feasee; Major J. A. Johnston, chief quartermaster, and Major Wm. C. Wingfield, chief commissary of the division, rendered valuable services by their careful and unremitting attention to their duties. The reports of the brigade and artillery battalion commanders are herewith respectfully submitted. The loss of the division in these operations was, killed, one hundred and eighty-six, wounded, one thousand and forty-nine, missing, two hundred and ten; total, one thousand four hundred and forty-five.

I am, very respectfully,

Your most obedient servant,

R. H. Anderson, Major-General, commanding Division.


Report of Major-General McLaws.

Headquarters division, May 10, 1863.
Major Taylor, A. A. G.:
Major: On the first of May, instant, at twelve and a half o'clock at night, the brigades of Generals Kershaw, Semmes, and Wofford were put in march up the plank road, by order from your headquarters,--the brigade of General Barksdale remaining in Fredericksburg and vicinity,--and by six o'clock in the morning were in position behind the rifle-pits about Smith's hill, and extending to the right and left, joining General Anderson's command on the left, to defend the approaches from the United States Ford and from the direction of Chancellorsville. About eleven A. M. General Jackson, who had arrived with his forces and assumed command, directed me to advance along the turnpike road, having Mahone's brigade, of Anderson's division, in advance. I collected my own division as rapidly as possible from the rifle-pits, each brigade, as it was relieved, falling in rear of the others as they advanced in the march. After proceeding but a short distance the skirmishers became engaged. The main column advancing slowly, until the enemy, appearing in force, it was deployed, the line of battle formed across the turnpike road — Semmes's brigade on the left, and those of Mahone, Wofford, and Perry, of Anderson's division, in the order here named, to the right, extending so as to cover the mine road; Jordan's battery on the mine turnpike. Our skirmishers were driven in. Fire was opened on our lines from a battery four or five hundred yards in front; and, after skirmishing to the right and left, the main assault was made on the left against Semmes by Sykes's regulars; but they were repulsed at every attempt. Before the first assault I sent to General Jackson, by my Aid-de-camp, that the enemy were in force in my immediate front, and were advancing, and that a larger force could be seen along the heights, about one mile or more to the rear, and that the country was favorable for a flank attack from his side. After the first assault I received answer from General Jackson to hold my position, and that he would advance or was advancing his artillery, and if that did not answer he would endeavor to gain the rear of the enemy. General Kershaw coming up, his brigade was placed in support of General Semmes, extending beyond his left. The cavalry reporting that the enemy were advancing along the mine road, General Wilcox's brigade was ordered and took position, guided by Captain Johnson, of General Lee's staff, to protect my right, taking artillery with him. General Jackson's artillery and his advance, in conjunction with the failure of the attack on my front, forced the enemy to retire, when, by General Jackson's order, my whole line advanced in the same order as they had been displayed, as above stated. The order to advance was received at four P. M. My line halted at dark and bivouacked along the heights just beyond the point where the Mine Run crosses the turnpike. The next morning, the second, my line of battle was re-formed along the heights, in the same order as before, excepting that General Wilcox had been ordered, during the night previous, to return to Banks's Ford and hold that position, it having been reported that the enemy were moving down the river road, and, besides, were making demonstrations to cross the river at that ford. Two batteries were placed on the heights between General Semmes and Wofford.


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