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[399] soldiers, when overpowered by immense numbers on all sides, to be able to rally promptly and return again and again to the contest undaunted. The enemy was held in check by the resolute bravery of my two brigades, united with the rest of General Walker's command, until sufficient support could come up to prevent our right flank from being turned by General Thomas' corps. To my two brigade commanders, Brigadier-General Walthall and Colonel Govan, I am greatly indebted for their prompt co-operation in every movement and quick apprehension of the constantly recurring necessities that arise on a battle-field. I know of no more gallant soldiers, and feel honored by the command of such officers. My staff, Captain G. A. Williams, Assistant Adjutant-General, and Lieutenant J. L. Bostick, Aid-de-Camp, behaved with their usual gallantry and need no commendation at my hands. Lieutenant Dulin, Brigade Inspector, was slightly wounded in the forehead. To my Chief Surgeon, Dr. McFadden, my thanks are due for his prompt attention to the wounded and their rapid removal from the field, however distant they were from the hospital he had been enabled to establish. I would respectfully bring to notice the gallantry of Captain Fletcher, of the Thirteenth Arkansas regiment, in repelling the sudden attempt of the enemy to capture two pieces of artillery, which were unavoidably delayed in being removed from their position late in the evening of the twentieth. I thank God for permitting us to be the survivors of a great victory for our country.

Respectfully submitted,

John R. Liddell, Brigadier-General.


Report of Brigadier-General W. Preston, commanding division.

Greenville, South Carolina, October 31, 1863.
Captain Gallaher, Assistant Adjutant-General:
Captain: I have the honor to transmit, in obedience to orders, a report of the part taken by the division under my command in the battle of Chickamauga:

On the eighteenth of September, our forces advanced in several columns to cross the Chickamauga, and give battle to the Federal army under General Rosecrans. Major-General Buckner's corps, consisting of Stewart's division and mine, moved on the road to Thedford's Ford, and on the evening of that day (Friday) my command bivouacked at Hunt's or Dalton's Ford, on the south bank of the river and east of the road. The skirmishers of Colonel Kelly's brigade soon discovered the enemy posted along the opposite bank of the stream, extending above in the direction of Lee and Gordon's Mill. Soon after nightfall General Gracie's brigade was moved across the ford and established in line of battle, running almost east and west, near Hunt's house, and a few hundred yards north of the river, where it remained during the night.

On the next morning my two remaining brigades crossed the river at dawn, and were formed in line of battle in Hunt's field. Stewart's division soon occupied a position on my right, and extended eastward in the direction of Thedford's Ford. Riding forward, I found troops of Brigadier-General Johnson's and Major-General Hood's commands forming in line of battle nearly at right angles to my own line, facing westward, toward the Chattanooga road, and afterwards met General Bragg, Major-General Hood, and Major-General Buckner, who were conferring together. Having reported to Major-General Buckner the position of my troops, I returned, and about eight o'clock received an order from him to advance through Hunt's field, in the direction of the enemy. Gracie's brigade was immediately conformed to the general line of battle, and moved westwardly toward the main road, that runs north from Lafayette to Chattanooga. After advancing about six hundred yards it arrived near a sharp curve of the Chickamauga, which impeded further progress. I halted the command on the brow of the hill overlooking the stream and plain below. The enemy's lines and batteries were discovered about fifteen hundred yards distant, in the direction of Lee and Gordon's Mill, across the bend of the river, which it would have been necessary to cross twice, with an open field intervening, swept by their artillery, had the advance continued straightforward. Having halted Gracie, I drew up Kelly's brigade three hundred yards in the rear, upon a declivity in the field, and Trigg's brigade about three hundred yards in rear of Kelly's, on the prolongation of Bate's brigade, of Stewart's division, which was on the right — thus forming my division in a column of three brigades. A rocky hill near Gracie's right, overlooking the field below, afforded an excellent position for artillery. Upon it I posted Jeffries' battery. The enemy commenced shelling my lines rapidly, and I lost a commissioned officer killed, and a few men of the Sixth Florida, with Lieutenant Lane and others of the Sixty-third Tennessee wounded. A shot or two was fired by Jeffries, but I ordered the battery to cease firing, as the distance was too great to assure proper accuracy. My troops remained in ranks without further reply, patiently enduring the fire. About twelve o'clock, in compliance with an order received from Major-General Buckner, I moved my command by the right flank from about six or eight hundred yards to a position somewhat west of north from Hunt's field. Trigg's brigade occupied the front, in a woodland, near a small cabin. Gracie was formed near Trigg, and Kelly was posted in the rear, supporting Leyden's battalion of artillery. No further event of importance occurred during the day to Gracie's or Kelly's brigades. Soon after Trigg occupied his position, some three hundred yards in advance of Gracie and Kelly, his skirmishers, under Colonel Maxwell, engaged those of the enemy with spirit, and some two hours afterwards were driven in by the enemy's artillery. There was a small corn field three or four hundred yards in front of Trigg, in which


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