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[426] from him, I found there was a gap of about six or seven hundred yards. General Manigault, coming up some time after this with his brigade, was ordered by Major-General Hindman to fill up this gap. To get into line with these brigades, it was necessary for me to make a right wheel and to form a line at right angles with my last. It was now about four o'clock. My line having been formed, I was ordered by General Johnson to make a right wheel again, or swing to the right, which brought me in collision with the enemy. My brigade at this time being the extreme left of the army, and on the east side of the Rossville road, formed a line facing almost to the left flank of the one I occupied in the morning. Here commenced an attack on the right and rear of Thomas's or Granger's corps, posted on a steep hill, on which was planted artillery. My brigade was at this time without any support whatever. The ascent of this hill was exceedingly difficult, besides being very steep. Here I met with the most obstinate resistance I had encountered during the day, and, after contending with the enemy in this unequal position during an hour and a half, my men in this time having been partially driven back several times, my whole line was finally driven down the hill. After re-forming in an adjoining hollow, I again moved forward and found that the attack on the enemy had been so severe that they were not disposed to risk another engagement, and had retired, leaving me in possession of the field.

It was now dark, and I posted my command so as to hold the Rossville road, on which I then was, and then sent forward scouts one mile to the front, who reported no enemy, but captured about fifty prisoners. Here I bivouacked for the night.

The nature of the ground over which the battle was fought did not admit of the free use of artillery, but Dent's battery, which was attached to my brigade, followed it closely during the morning attack, firing, however, only a few shots; but in the afternoon it rendered signal service, fighting at the time with other commands on my right. The officers deserve special mention for their conduct.

I cannot close this report without testifying my high appreciation of the courage and daring displayed by the officers and men of the brigade which I had the honor to command on this ever memorable field. They here added fresh laurels to those already won on other fields in the sacred cause of their country.

To regimental and battery commanders and their brave men, my thanks are due and most willingly tendered for their very valuable assistance and co-operation in aiding to bring this battle to a successful and decisive issue.

To my staff, I am specially indebted for their willingness and gallantry in carrying out my orders on the field: Captain E. F. Travis, Assistant Adjutant-General; Captain Douglas Wirt, acting Assistant Inspector-General; Lieutenant F. G. Lyon, Aid-de-Camp; Captain R. H. Williams, volunteer Aid-de-Camp; Lieutenant C. J. Michailoffsky, Provost-Marshal, and to Senior Surgeon V. B. Gilbert; Major R. J. Hill, Assistant Quartermaster; Major H. A. Deas, Assistant Commissary of Subsistence, and Lieutenant T. B. Dallas, Ordnance Officer, for the zeal and efficiency with which they discharged the duties of their several respective departments.

In going into the fight on the twentieth, the brigade numbered one hundred and fifty-seven officers, and seventeen hundred and eighty-five enlisted men, of whom one hundred and twenty-five were killed, five hundred and ninety-two wounded, and twenty-eight missing; total, seven hundred and forty-five. Among the killed I much regret to record the name of Lieutenant-Colonel John Weeden, commanding Twenty-second Alabama regiment, who fell, early on Sunday morning, while most gallantly leading and cheering on his brave regiment. A few minutes before him, fell the ranking captain of this regiment, I. D. Nott, than whom no braver or better officer ever poured out his life's blood in his country's cause. He died where the brave and good should die, in the front rank, leading his men on to victory. Two heroes I whose lives were sacrificed to fanaticism. Major B. R. Hart, of the same regiment, was severely wounded in the same charge.

I have omitted to state that, on Sunday afternoon I passed over some ten or a dozen ordnance wagons, filled with ordnance stores; three or four pieces of artillery and caissons; many ambulances, and one or two supply wagons, and a dozen or more mules and horses. There had evidently been a stampede here, and these were the fruits left for us.

Before closing, I wish to mention the fact, that the Fifteenth Alabama regiment, Colonel Oates, was with my brigade a portion of the time during the first attack on Sunday morning, and afterwards left me to go to the assistance of General Johnson, in the fight of the afternoon. It is simple justice to say that, what I saw of this regiment, it was behaving with great gallantry.

I am, Major, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

Z. C. Deas, Brigadier-General, commanding.

The following statement probably appertains more to the division than to the brigade report of this battle, and is therefore reserved for the postscript:

According to the strong testamentary evidence of the occasion, and that also of very many prisoners, this brigade, very materially and opportunely assisted by Anderson's, attacked, on Sunday morning, Sheridan's division, of McCook's corps; and, by the impetuosity of their attack, so thoroughly cut off Davis' division, of the same corps, that they never again assisted in the fight on that day; and, from the best information I can gather, fell back to Chattanooga by the western road to Rossville. The names of


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