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[467] right, I passed on, moving square to the front, two regiments passing through an open field, through which I had executed the change of direction to the left in the engagement last mentioned. The skirmishers in my front developed no enemy.

But before reaching the Chattanooga and Lafayette road, Captain Stringfellow, First Louiisiana, in command of the skirmishers, reported to me that he saw two of the enemy's batteries in position, about two hundred and fifty yards from my left flank, on either side of the above mentioned road, supported by a long line of infantry. Jackson's brigade, which was some distance to my left and rear, having engaged the enemy in his front, had halted, thus leaving my left entirely unprotected. Upon examination I found the report of Captain Stringfellow to be correct, discovering the enemy to be in position as he represented. It was impossible, from the disposition of the enemy's force, for me to extricate myself by changing my front. Reaching a position just acrosss the road, and on a line with General Walthall's left, I ordered the men to lie down. The enemy immediately opened fire from the two batteries on my left, and also with small arms; while two batteries, afterwards ascertained to be on General Walthall's right, opened almost at the same time. Under this heavy and galling fire, no other alternative was left but to withdraw the brigade as speedily as possible, to save it from annihilation or capture. The brigade retreated in considerable confusion, but was promptly rallied, and re-formed some three or four hundred yards in rear.

Shortly afterwards, I again advanced to a position near the house of McDonald, on the Chattanooga and Lafayette road, and some distance to the right of the position from which I had just been driven. Just about this time the enemy's line gave way in every quarter, and the battle was ended.

The loss in officers and privates was very heavy, being over fifty per cent. of the number carried into the fight, a report of which is here — with forwarded.

For instances of individual bravery and skill among company officers and privates, I refer you to reports of regimental commanders. Among the field officers, Lieutenant-Colonels John L. Murray and R. F. Harvey, the former commanding the Fifth and Thirteenth Arkansas regiments, the latter the Second and Fifteenth Arkansas regiments, were particularly distinguished for their gallantry during the engagements; and by their coolness and skill, on two occasions, saved their regiments from capture. I strongly recommend the first (Lieutenant-Colonel Murray) to the favorable consideration of the President as one particularly distinguished for his skill and gallantry in the battle of Chickamauga. To Lieutenant-Colonel Harvey, then commanding the Second and Fifteenth regiments, an equal meed of praise is due, but, unfortunately for the service, this gallant officer died on the 30th instant of disease contracted by over-exertions on the field, lamented by all who knew him.

To Captain Fletcher, Company A, Thirteenth Arkansas regiment, I am indebted for saving one piece of Swett's battery, which had several horses disabled, and, but for his timely efforts, would have fallen into the enemy's hands. He seized the colors of the Second and Fifteenth Arkansas regiments and rallied enough men to drive back the enemy, whose skirmishers were within a short distance of the gun.

Lieutenant Shannon, commanding Swett's battery, handled it with distinguished skill and gallantry, and most effectively, whenever an opportunity offered.

The members of my staff, Lieutenant J. G. Warfield, Assistant Adjutant and Inspector-General; Lieutenant W. L. Laurie, Assistant Adjutant-General, and Lieutenant G. T. Snowden, Aid-de-Camp, rendered me efficient aid, and were always at my command.

In conclusion, as an act of justice to the brigade which I had the honor to command, and with which I had been associated in all the hard-contested battles in the West, from Shiloh to this last, memorable one, I beg leave to state that they never failed to drive the enemy in their front, and advanced each time with a single line, unsupported, and with one or the other of my flanks unprotected, and that on no former occasion was their courage and endurance more severely tested, nor in any previous battle did they ever exhibit more determined bravery and gallantry.

I am, Captain, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

D. C. Govan, Colonel, commanding Brigade.


Report of Col. R. Q. Mills, commanding brigade.

headquarters Deshler's brigade, Missionary Ridge, October 6, 1863.
Captain J. A. Buck, A. A. General, Cleburne's Division:
Captain: In compliance with orders from general headquarters, I herewith submit my report of the action of this brigade in the battle of the nineteenth and twentieth ultimo:

This brigade, composed of Colonel Wilkes' Texas regiment, Colonel Mills' Texas regiment, Lieutenant-Colonel Hutchinson's Arkansas regiment, and Captain Douglas' Texas battery, under command of Brigadier-General James Deshler, moved about three o'clock P. M., on Saturday, the nineteenth ultimo, from a point near the junction of the Lafayette and McLemore's Valley roads, towards our extreme right, and in rear and parallel with our line of battle. About half-past 4 o'clock P. M., we crossed a branch of the Chickamauga and moved directly and hastily forward to the extreme right, where the battle seemed raging with great fierceness. After passing, for some time, through swarms of stragglers, prisoners, and wounded, we arrived on the line, and were formed, facing our


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