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[535] commence firing, on an order from me, to be followed, first by Captain Wm. T. Tatum, commanding centre section, and finally by Captain Robert D. Treville, commanding section on extreme right, and that the fire should be concentrated on the leading vessel, until otherwise directed. The advance vessels still numbering four, took their positions, alternately ranging from eighteen hundred to two thousand yards from this battery. At three o'clock P. M., Fort Moultrie opened on the enemy, followed by Fort Sumter. Ten minutes later (ten minutes past three P. M.) this battery opened fire. At this time the fire became general from all the outer forts and batteries in the harbor, and the advanced iron-clads of the enemy, which fired slowly, directing their fire principally at Fort Sumter. An occasional shot was fired at this battery, none of them doing any injury. As it was believed that the object of the enemy was to pass the batteries and enter the harbor, the firing at first was rapid, but at all times deliberate and well directed. When it became evident that such was not his intention, the firing from the battery became slower, and continued so until the Keokuk advanced in close range to Fort Sumter and this battery, at which time the order was given to fire more rapidly and to concentrate it on her. Two hundred and eighty-three (283) solid shot were fired from this battery--Captain Adams firing one hundred and twenty six, Captain Tatum, eighty-four, Captain De Treville, seventy-three. Of this number many were distinctly seen to strike the vessels aimed at, and it is believed doing serious damage in many instances.

At half-past 5 P. M., the enemy's fleet withdrew, and all firing ceased. The officers and men of this command did their duty.

I am happy to state that no casualties occurred at this battery, and believe the command to be as effective as it was prior to the engagement.

I have the honor to be, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

J. C. Simkins, Lieut.-Col., commanding.


Report of Lieutenant W. S. Glassell of visit to the Keokuk.

C. S. Gunboat Chicora, Charleston harbor, April 13th, 1863.
Brigadier-General Ripley:
General: Having made a visit to the Keokuk this morning, with a view to observing the effect of your batteries upon her iron turrets, I succeeded in procuring the trophies, which it affords me much pleasure to forward to you, viz.: two United States flags, two pennants, and three signal flags. Several other articles were also obtained — a rammer, sponges, lanterns, &c., which are on board the Chicora.

I am, General, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

W. S. Glassell, First Lieutenant, C. S. N.


Brigadier-General R. S. Ripley's report of the operations of troops under his command from the Eighth to the twentieth day of July, 1863, inclusive.

headquarters First Military District, Charleston, South Carolina, July 22, 1863.
Brigadier-General Thomas Jordan, Chief of Staff:
General: I have the honor to submit the following report of the daily occurrences of my command, commencing on the eighth instant, on which day the enemy's iron-clad fleet appeared off the bar, and his force of transports at sea and in the Stono River was largely increased, indicating the renewal of the attack on the approaches of the city of Charleston. With the limited force at my command, such measures as could be taken to guard the salient points of attack, the south end of Morris Island and James Island, were ordered, and directions given for the disposition of troops ordered by the commanding General for reinforcements.

On the ninth, the enemy landed a strong force on Battery Island and unmasked works on Little Folly bearing upon our positions at the south end of Morris. The works at that point were, from various causes, incomplete, and, from want of transportation, the arrival of reinforcements was tardy.

Endeavors were made to strengthen our position on Morris Island, but, from lack of force, no great improvement was accomplished.

On the morning of the tenth, the enemy opened a heavy fire upon our position from Little Folly with from twenty to thirty long-range guns, which he had placed in battery during the night. Soon after four monitors took position to the north-east of the position, enfilading it and taking some of the batteries in reverse. Our troops defending were composed of the Twenty-first South Carolina volunteers, under Colonel R. T. Graham; two companies of the First South Carolina artillery, under Captains J. C. Mitchell and J. R. Macbeth, and a detachment of the First South Carolina infantry, under Captain Charles T. Haskell, in all about seven hundred, with the following artillery placed in position, in detached batteries along the shore, to command the beach and the crossing from Little Folly, viz.: three eight-inch navy shell guns, two eight-inch sea-coast howitzers, one rifled twenty-four-pounder, one thirty-pounder Parrott, one twelve-pounder Whitworth, and three ten-inch sea-coast mortars, in all eleven pieces.

There were on Morris Island, besides two companies of artillery under Captains Chichester and Matthews, the garrison of Battery Wagner, and one at Battery Gregg, under Captain Lesesne, all the artillery under Lieutenant-Colonel James A. Yates, First South Carolina artillery. Alter about three hours furious shelling from the enemy, to which our guns steadily replied, a large number of barges, filled with troops, came up Little Folly River, and, under


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