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[196] under the direction of Lieutenant Dunnington. A 32-pound shot struck the vessel, crashed through the side and passed through the steam-drum. The steam filled the vessel in an instant. Many of the men were so quickly enveloped in the scalding vapor that they had no chance to escape. Others leaped overboard, some being drowned and some rescued through the efforts of the Conestoga which was lying near. While straining every nerve to save their lives, the men had to endure a shower of bullets from Confederate sharpshooters on the river banks. Of the one hundred and seventy-five officers and men of the mound city only twenty-five escaped death or injury in that fearful catastrophe. Meanwhile, Colonel Fitch with his land forces rushed upon the Confederate batteries and captured them. The unfortunate vessel was at length repaired and returned to service.

for some time it had been known in Federal military and naval circles that a powerful ironclad similar to the famous Monitor of eastern waters was being rushed to completion up the Yazoo. The new vessel was the Arkansas. she and a sister ship were building at Memphis when the capture of that city was anticipated by the destruction of one of them. The work on the Arkansas was far enough advanced for her to be taken to Yazoo city for the finishing touches. The Union fleet was not unduly terrified by tales of the monster, but nevertheless Farragut and Davis determined to find out what they could about her. Three vessels were chosen for the reconnaissance — the ironclad Carondelet, the wooden Tyler, and the Ellet ram Queen of the West. bravely they steamed up the Yazoo on the morning of July 15th, but before they had gone more than six miles they encountered the Arkansas, under the command of Captain Isaac N. Brown, coming down the river.

the Carondelet, though supported at a distance by the Tyler, fled before her stronger antagonist, being raked from stem to stern, struck several times with solid shot, and saved from destruction only by running into shallow water where

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