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Keeping the Mississippi open

Illinois sent into the war Grant, Logan, McClernand, Grierson, and other prominent leaders in the Vicksburg campaign. It was one of the few States which furnished troops in excess of their quota. The Seventy-second Illinois Infantry, whose synonym was “First board of Trade,” together with other Illinois regiments, saw severe active service along the Mississippi and at Vicksburg; it served in General McArthur's division of the Seventeenth Corps, and distinguished itself on November 30th of the following year in the battle of Franklin, Tenn.

Shirley's residence, “the White House

Barracks of fifth U. S. Colored heavy artillery


Headquarters 72nd Illinois volunteers: Vicksburg in Federal hands Shirley's “White House,” on the Jackson road, stood between the opposing lines; although a target for both sides, it remained practically uninjured. General Lieb's colored regiment was recruited in Louisiana and Mississippi and organized at Vicksburg in August, 1863. it suffered a heavy loss in deaths from fever, being stationed along the River. In the assault on Port Hudson colored troops were First used by the Federals in a General engagement — the First Louisiana Native Guard of the “Corps d'afrique,” organized by General Butler.

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John A. McClernand (2)
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