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[244]

The Price of victory: death and carnage at Gettysburg.

Such scenes as these marked every one of the detached battle-fields at Gettysburg. The second picture is a result of the first day's fighting near McPherson's Woods, through which the Iron Brigade swept with the cry, “We've come to stay!” The first picture was taken near the spot where the First Minnesota was sacrificed to stem the advance of the Confederates after their victory at the Peach Orchard. Hancock, while patching up a second line to protect Sickles' retreating troops, saw a heavy column of Confederates emerge from a clump of trees and advance toward a weak point in his line. Dashing up to Colonel Colvill, Hancock shouted: “Do you see those colors? Take them!” And the First Minnesota, in five minutes, captured the colors and stemmed the advance. Of the 262 officers and men who obeyed that order, half a hundred lay dead on the field and 174 others were wounded. The regiment's total mortality from that charge was 75, more than 28 per cent. of the number engaged — the highest known short of an Indian massacre. The Federals lost at Gettysburg 3,063 killed, 14,492 wounded, and 5,435 missing (Fox's figures). The Confederate loss was 3,903 killed, 18,735 wounded, and 5,435 missing (Livermore's figures). Total loss on both sides, 51,053.

Gettysburg: near the spot where the First Minnesota was sacrificed to stem the advance of the Confederates after their victory at the Peach Orchard.

The men who “came to stay” at Gettysburg: results of the first day's fighting at McPherson's Woods.


 

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McPherson (2)
Winfield Scott Hancock (2)
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