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One of Chambersburg's quiet streets The invasion of Pennsylvania had only a minor part in the plan of Early's campaign, which in a month's time had accomplished two important results: It had restored to Lee free access to the rich supplies which the Shenandoah Valley could furnish, and it had caused Grant to withdraw from his operations at Petersburg a strong force for the protection of Washington. The cavalry raid in Pennsylvania was planned as retaliation for Hunter's operations in the Shenandoah. Early succeeded in holding the “Valley of Virginia” (Shenandoah) until the concentration of Sheridan's forces compelled his retirement. Then the “Valley” finally became eliminated as an avenue of danger to Washington.

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Philip Henry Sheridan (2)
Shenandoah (2)
S. D. Lee (2)
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Ulysses S. Grant (2)
Jubal A. Early (2)
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