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[318] wounded in an arm, which was finally amputated. During the Civil War, Kearny had many excellent animals at his command, but his most celebrated steed was “Moscow,” a high-spirited white horse. On the battlefield, “Moscow” was conspicuous because of his white coat, but Kearny was heedless of the protests of his staff against his needless exposure.

Another war-horse belonging to General Kearny was “Decatur,” a light bay, which was shot through the neck in the battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines. “Bayard,” a brown horse, was ridden by Kearny at this battle, and his fame will ever stand in history through the poem by Stedman, “Kearny at seven Pines.” At the battle of Chantilly, Kearny and “Bayard” were advancing alone near the close of the struggle, when they met with a regiment of Confederate infantry. “Bayard” instantly wheeled and dashed from danger, with Kearny laying flat upon the horse's neck. A shower of bullets fell about the general and his charger. They seemed about to escape when a fatal bullet struck the general.

The leader of the Southern legions in the West, General Albert Sidney Johnston, rode a magnificent thoroughbred bay, named “Fire-eater,” on the battlefield. The steed stood patiently like a veteran when the bullets and shells hurtled about him and his master, but when the command came to charge, he was all fire and vim, like that Sunday in April, 1862, the first day of the bloody battle of Shiloh.

Among the hundreds of generals' mounts which became famous by their conspicuous bravery and sagacity on the battle-fields, were General Fitzhugh Lee's little mare, “Nellie gray,” which was killed at the battle of Opequon Creek; Major-General Patrick R. Cleburne's “Dixie,” killed at the battle of Perryville; General Adam R. Johnson's “Joe Smith,” which was noted for its speed and endurance; and General Benjamin F. Butler's war-horse, “Almond eye,” a name derived from the peculiar formation of the eyes of the horse.

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