ordered the Federals
to pull down the fence at once, which they did. The cavalry rode into their midst, and without the firing of a pistol took the entire company of thirty or forty men.
On the 18th of July, Johnston
withdrew his army from Winchester
, and moved toward Manassas
's entire command consisted of twenty-one officers and three hundred and thirteen men. All were well mounted and at home on horseback.
Yet for arms they could muster but few sabers of regulation make and still fewer revolvers, although double-barreled shotguns and rifles were prevalent.
This command reached Manassas
on the evening of the 20th of July, and went into camp.
The next morning, at early dawn, it was aroused by the firing of a signal gun by the Federals
In the afternoon, General T. J. Jackson
's brigade, while fully occupied in front, was threatened by the advance of a heavy attacking column on its left.
was sent to its relief, and moving in column on Jackson
's left, he soon came in view of a formidable line of Zouaves moving upon Jackson
The appearance of the head of Stuart
's column arrested the movement of the opponents, attracted their fire, and finally caused their withdrawal, for which Jackson
, in his report, made grateful acknowledgment.
During the summer
, the cavalry occupied and held Mason
's and Munson
's hills and picketed as far as Falls Church
and at points along the Potomac
With the exception of an affair at Lewinsville, in September, the period was uneventful and free from striking incidents.
In September, 1861, Stuart
was commissioned brigadier-general, and in December occurred the battle of Dranesville
, in which he commanded the Confederate forces, but the result of the engagement afforded him no ground for congratulation.
In March, 1862, the Confederates
, and moved below Richmond
The advance of McClellan
up the Peninsula
, afforded but little opportunity for cavalry operations other than protecting the flanks