To the patient and hard-working Federal artillerymen, it was a source of keen professional disappointment that, after a month's exacting toil in placing siege-ordnance of the heaviest type, the foe did not give them a chance to test its power and efficiency.
It was found by the Federals
that the Confederate
works about Yorktown
The chief engineer
of the Army of the Potomac reported that the outline of the works immediately surrounding the town was almost the same as that of the British
fortifications of Cornwallis
in the Revolution, but that the works had been thoroughly adapted to modern warfare.
Emplacements had been finished for guns of heavy type, of which about ninety-four could have been placed in position.
The Federals captured fifty-three guns in good order.
to the front of Richmond
, and on the march to the James
, the gallant efforts of the artillery seconded the work of the other arms through the battles of Williamsburg
, Hanover Court House, Fair Oaks
, including Gaines' Mill
, Savage's Station, Glendale
, and Malvern Hill
As General W. F. Barry
has stated, “These services were as creditable to the artillery of the United States
as they were honorable to the gallant officers and enlisted men who, struggling through difficulties, overcoming obstacles, and bearing themselves nobly on the field of battle, stood faithfully to their guns, performing their various duties with a steadiness, a devotion, and a gallantry worthy of the highest commendation.”
At Malvern Hill
the artillery saved the army.
The position was most favorable for the use of guns.
The reserve artillery, under Colonel H. J. Hunt
, was posted on the heights in rear of the infantry lines.
Sixty pieces, comprising principally batteries of 20-pounders and 32-pounders, had a converging fire from General Porter
's line, and all along the crest of the hill batteries appeared in commanding positions.
The First Connecticut Heavy Artillery again distinguished itself for the