and Alexandria Railroad, they encountered the foe. This brought on the battle of Cedar Mountain
, the first engagement of the campaign, August 9th.
Contact of the advance troops occurred in the morning, and, beginning at noon, the artillery duel lasted until about three o'clock in the afternoon.
Then the infantry engagement began, and resulted in the Federal
troops being pushed back.
The Confederates followed the retiring troops until Federal reenforcements arrived.
“Unaware of this,” says J. C. Ropes
undertook, in his anxiety to reach Culpeper
before morning, to shell the Federal
troops out of their position, but succeeded in arousing so many sleeping batteries that he shortly discontinued his cannonade, having suffered some loss.
The battle of Cedar Mountain
The Union troops lost one gun, mired in the mud while withdrawing.
retired across the Rappahannock
concentrated his entire army against him. At the Rappahannock
, the commanding positions of the Union
artillery on the left bank enabled it to get a superiority of fire over the Confederate
guns, which proved very distressing to Lee
and baffled his first attempts to cross.
From the Rappahannock
, the artillery had little opportunity to go into action.
The marching and countermarching by both armies, each under the impression that the other was retreating, finally brought them together on the field of Gainesville
, on August 28th.
In this sanguinary fight the losses were great, the artillery sustaining its full proportion.
's problem was now to prevent the union of Longstreet
, near the old Bull Run
battle-ground, another bloody encounter took place, and the character of the fighting can best be understood when it is related that the men of General Hatch
's division, after fighting for three-quarters of an hour in close range of the foe, retired in good order, leaving one gun in the hands of the Southerners.