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[151]

Fort Sumter in 1863.

Battery B of the First United States Artillery became known as “Henry's Battery” from the name of its young commander, Lieutenant Guy V. Henry (afterward a brigadier-general; later still a conspicuous figure in the Spanish-American War). it took part in the siege operations against Forts Wagner and Gregg on Morris Island, and against Sumter and Charleston, from July to September, 1863. bronze had been adopted as a standard metal for field guns in 1841, and many of the field batteries were equipped with bronze 12-pounder napoleons. The metal proved too soft to stand the additional wear on rifled guns, however, and it was then found that wrought iron served the purpose best. Later forged steel proved more satisfactory for breech loaders.

Light field guns — a piece of “Henry's Battery,” before Sumter in 1863

After the attempt on Sumter-third New York Light artillery


 

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