made and entrenchments dug, carrying the advance closer to the fort.
A siege-train arrived, and by the 21st, twenty-five siege-and naval-guns and sixteen mortars were emplaced under the severe fire from the fort.
The bombardment by the batteries, both ashore and afloat, began at daylight on the 22d and continued all that day and during the following night.
All the guns of the Fort
except two were disabled, and the walls breached in several places.
By morning it was evident to General Page
that a further resistance was useless.
At 6 A. M. on the 23d, the garrison ran up a white flag.
The entire bay was now in the hands of the Federals
, but the city of Mobile
had not yet fallen.
It was supposed by some that the city could be taken at pleasure, but the opportunity of immediate occupation slipped by, and General Dabney H. Maury
collected a sufficient force of Confederate troops in the fortifications around the city to require the operations of a regular siege.
Nothing was done until General Grant
, on the 19th of January, 1865, ordered General Canby
to move against Selma
, in order to destroy the railroads and prevent the Confederates
from bringing the remains of Hood
's army against Sherman
, who was about to begin his march through the Carolinas.
The general-in-chief suggested that Mobile Bay
would be the best point to move from if the city could be captured without too much delay, and General Canby
determined to make the attempt.
He was at New Orleans, and the forces that had operated against the forts around lower Mobile Bay
had been detached from his command.
He decided to use these in an attack from the east, on account of the strength of the lines encircling the city on the west.
Accordingly, he moved about thirty-two thousand men against Spanish Fort
, on the bay shore at the mouth of the Apalachee River
, seven miles due east of the city.
The movement began on the 17th of March, and by the 8th of April the Federals
had ninety guns in position and Spanish Fort
closely invested, aided by as many of the