following their success, had built the Gloire
. The British
were building four large broadside shins of the Warrior
type; others were to follow in the Confederate navy, the Tennessee
, the Atlanta
in Wassaw Sound
, the Albemarle
in the North Carolina
sounds, and the formidable French-built Stonewall;
but it was the Monitor
which was to give the standard for future types.
Said the London Times
after the Hampton Roads
fight, “Whereas we had one hundred and forty-nine first-class war-ships, we have now two, [the large broadside ships Warrior
and Black Prince
] . . . There is not a ship in the English
navy apart from those two that it would not be madness to trust to an engagement with that little Monitor
The type of hull of the latter has now been wholly discarded, but the revolving turret remains the basic principle in the mounting and protection of heavy guns.
Notwithstanding the defects of the system, the Monitor
was the forerunner and type of fifty-eight turreted vessels built or laid down during the Civil War
The Federal navy during the war rose to a force of five hundred and sixty-nine steam vessels and over fifty thousand seamen.
Three hundred and thirteen steamers had been purchased and two hundred and three had been built or were well advanced to completion.
Over seven thousand five hundred volunteer officers from the merchant service, many of great ability and value, were employed, some of whom, at the end of the war, were taken into the regular service, rising to the highest ranks and filling with credit most important posts.
The fight of the Monitor
, the passage of the Mississippi
forts (April 24, 1862), Port Hudson
(March 14, 1863), Mobile
(August 5, 1864), the fight between the Weehawken
, the destruction of the Albemarle
, and the duel of the Kearsarge
were notable battles, three of which rank in the forefront of naval actions in daring and in effect.
It is not too much to say that Farragut
's deeds in the Mississippi
and at Mobile
have not their parallel in