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The type favored by Ericsson: the single turreted U. S. Monitor “Saugus This splendid picture of the vessel lying at anchor in the James, off Bermuda Hundred, shows clearly the details of the type of perfected monitor most favored by Ericsson. Only a few months after the duel of the “Monitor” and the “Merrimac” in Hampton Roads, no less than thirty-five ironclads of the monitor type were being constructed for the Federal navy. The old Continental Iron Works in New York, that had built the original monitor, were busy turning out six vessels of the “Passaic” class, while others were being rushed up by shipbuilders in the East, and on the Ohio and the Mississippi. Ericsson was already at work upon the huge “Dictator” and “Puritan,” each nearly five times as large as the first monitor. These were destined not to be completed till after the close of the war. But the navy-yards at New York, Philadelphia, and Boston were at work upon the four double-turreted monitors of the “Miantonomoh” class. Not satisfied with all this activity, the Navy Department, in September, 1862, let the contracts for nine more monitors similar to the “Passaic” class, but slightly larger. Among these was the “Saugus” ;

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