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Scenes of 1861 that quickly followed
Brother Jonathan
(page 44)

The first photograph shows Confederates on Monday the fifteenth of April, 1861—one day after the momentous event which Holmes dimly prophesied in Brother Jonathan (page 44). The picture below, with the two following, were made on the 16th. As April wore on, North and South alike had been reluctant to strike first. When Major Robert Anderson, on December 26, 1860, removed to Fort Sumter, on an island at the entrance to Charleston Harbor, he placed himself in a position to withstand long attack. But he needed supplies. The Confederates would allow none to be landed. When at length rumors of a powerful naval force to relieve the fort reached Charleston, the Confederates demanded the surrender of the garrison. Anderson promised to evacuate by April 15th if he received no additional supplies. His terms were rejected. At half-past 4 on the morning of April 12th a shell from Fort Johnson ‘rose high in air, and curving in its course, burst almost directly over the fort.’ The mighty war had begun.

Confederates in Sumter the day after Anderson left

A gun trained on Charleston by Anderson


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