had just performed brilliant feats in the Valley of Virginia
were not brought up in time.
The next day's struggle resulted in a Pyrrhic victory for Lee
, who was left, however, in complete control of the north bank of the Chickahominy
The remainder of the great Seven Days fighting around Richmond
need not be described.
himself did not escape criticism; he was often badly supported; the Federals
, as at Malvern Hill
, showed themselves to be gallant foes, but the net result was the retreat of McClellan
to the shelter of his gunboats, the relief of Richmond
, and the recognition of Lee
as the chief defender of the South
The Confederate commander was not fully satisfied, believing that with proper support he ought to have crushed his adversary.
Perhaps he was oversanguine, but it is clear that aspiring aggressiveness is a necessary element in the character of a general who is to impress the imagination of the world.
His next procedure, McClellan
having again begun to retreat, was to join Jackson
, who had been threatening the Piedmont
After complicated operations, in which the Federal
general showed much bewilderment, and after daringly dividing his army in order to enable Jackson
to move on Pope
's rear, Lee
won the complete victory of Second Manassas
on August 30, 1862.
Despite his inferior numbers, his aggressiveness and his ability to gage his opponents had enabled him to rid Virginia
of Federal forces, and he resolved to invade Maryland
acquiesced in his farsighted plan, and the march began on September 5th.
The detaching of Jackson
to take Harper's Ferry
and the loss of one of Lee
's orders, which fell into McClellan
's hands, soon gave a somewhat sinister turn to the campaign.
's boldness and extraordinary capacity on the field enabled him, however, to fight the drawn battle of Sharpsburg
, or Antietam
, on September 17th with remarkable skill, yet with dreadful losses to