battle, but indicate the percentage of those suffered by the victors only.
These show fighting losses.
In losses by a defeated army, those received in retreating cannot be separated from those received in fighting.
If, however, a defeated army is not routed, but retires, still in fighting condition, and the foe is so crippled that he cannot make effective pursuit, as was the case at Chickamauga
, or if the defeated army does not leave the field at all, until, say, twenty-four hours after the battle, as was the case with the Confederates
, the losses on both sides are to be counted as fighting losses, and their percentage is a fair measure of ‘capacity to stand pounding.’
Gaged, then, by this standard, which for large armies in a great battle is absolutely fair, Waterloo
is eclipsed by Gettysburg
is eclipsed by Sharpsburg
, and Sharpsburg
eclipsed by Chickamauga
Here are some of Colonel Henderson
's percentages, which tell the story, the percentage of the Federal
losses at Chickamauga
being calculated from Henderson
, the victors' loss was twenty per cent. At Gettysburg
, the victors lost also twenty per cent. But, at Waterloo
, the French
army dissolved; at Gettysburg
, the Confederates
held to their position nearly all the following day, and the majority of the Confederates
did not know they had been defeated there until after the war.
, their victory cost the Federals
not twenty, but twenty-three per cent., and the Confederates
held fast to their position all the next day.
, their victory cost the Confederates
twenty-seven per cent., and the Federals
, inflicting this loss, retreated; but General Thomas
, the ‘Rock of Chickamauga
,’ still held fast to prevent pursuit, and Rosecrans
' army was ready to fight the next day. At Waterloo
, the entire loss in killed and wounded, of the French
, was thirty-one per cent.