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[150]

Tabular statement of organizations in the Union service

REGIMENTSBATTALIONSCOMPANIESBATTERIES
Cavalry2724578
Heavy artillery61836
Light artillery9432
Engineers1317
Sharpshooters4335
Infantry2,14460351
Totals2,494126507432


Summary of organizations in the Confederate army

Any attempt to present in statistical form the strength of the Confederate armies is manifestly impossible, as was explained by General Marcus J. Wright in his introductory chapter in Volume I of the Photographic History. The same conditions also render futile any accurate comparison of the troops furnished to the Confederate armies by the various states of the South. Nevertheless, by tabulating the various organizations and bearing in mind the limitations of the method as well as the original data, a slight basis is afforded to gain some idea of the relative numbers contributed by the different States. Furthermore, the numbers of the organizations when summarized are of interest in comparison with those given above.

No complete official roll of regiments and other organizations in the Confederate army is to be found either in the archives of the United States War Department or published in the War Records, and it is difficult, if not impossible, to give either an accurate list or the total number. Various lists have been compiled by private individuals, but none of these show absolute accuracy, and all differ among themselves. A list prepared by Colonel Henry Stone, a member of the Military Historical Society of Massachusetts, was made the basis of the following table by Colonel Thomas L. Livermore, which is published in his volume Numbers and losses in the Civil War. This list General Wright states is as accurate as can be found.


Table made by Colonel Livermore from Colonel Stone's list

INFANTRYCAVALRYARTILLERY
RegimentsLegionsBattalionsCompaniesRegimentsLegionsBattalionsCompaniesRegimentsBattalionsCompanies
Alabama5518461810217
Arkansas42142454216
Florida9116236115
Georgia673149721
Kentucky9111
Louisiana332231385319
Mississippi532151419
Missouri307
North Carolina741124612229
South Carolina53314877133325
Tennessee7824101117135
Texas35141433815224
Virginia99119516402641258
Confederate or Prov.
Army5
Total64291636213711431011625227

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Marcus J. Wright (2)
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