Civil War he entered the Confederate Army as a brigadier-general, succeeding to temporary command of the Army of the Northwest after Brigadier-General Garnett
He resigned his commission because he could not obtain leave of absence to take charge of the Georgia coast
defenses, to which post he was called by the Governor
, who made him a major-general in command of the State
After these became part of the Confederate army, in 1862, Jackson
received no commission until July, 1864, when he was assigned a brigade in the Army of Tennessee.
During the battle of Nashville
he was made prisoner and not released until the close of the war, when he returned to Savannah
to practise law. He was United States
minister to Mexico
in 1885, and died in Savannah
, May 23, 1898.
was born in Wilmington, North Carolina
, December 4, 1818, and served in the Seminole
In the latter he lost an arm. Later, he was colonel of a regiment sent against the Indians in New Mexico
He resigned from the army to enter the Confederate
service, and came into command of the Army of the Northwest, July 20, 1861.
He was made major-general in February, 1862.
His chief active service was in Kentucky
, and in Mississippi
, before and during the Vicksburg
campaign; in that same State under Polk
, and as division commander in the Army of Mississippi in the Atlanta campaign
, and in the Army of Tennessee at Franklin
, and under Johnston
in the Carolinas.
After the war he went to Egypt
, where he served as general in command of a division in the army of the Khedive.
He died in New York city, December 30, 1886.
(U. S.M. A. 1838) was born in Chesterfield County, Virginia
, April 16, 1816, and served in the Mexican War
. He entered the Confederate army and was made a brigadier-general, commanding the Northwest
forces directly under Major-General T. J. Jackson
, in May, 1862.
The next year (February, 1863), he was made major-general.
He had a division in the Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, and in September, 1864, was assigned to the division of the Second Corps, Army of Tennessee.
He died in Richmond, Virginia
, March 2, 1873.
Army of the Potomac
On May 24, 1861, Brigadier-General M. L. Bonham
was placed in command of the troops on the line of Alexandria
On the 31st, he was relieved by Brigadier-General P. G. T. Beauregard
The forces here gathered were denominated the Army of the Potomac (afterward First Corps, Army of the Potomac) and consisted of six brigades, some unattached troops, and artillery, by the date of the battle of Bull Run
The Army of the Shenandoah joined this force on July 20th, when Johnston
The Department of Northern Virginia was created October 22, 1861, with Johnston
at its head.
It included the District of the Potomac (Beauregard
); Valley District (T. J. Jackson
), and Aquia District (T. H. Holmes
.) In February, 1862, some of the troops in the Army of the Northwest came under Johnston
's control, giving his entire command a strength of over eighty-two thousand.
had been sent to Kentucky
on January 29th, and the troops in the Potomac district were now divided into four divisions with several separate detachments.
On March 14th, the Army of the Potomac was denominated the Army of Northern Virginia.
The total force then amounted to about fifty-five thousand.
was born near New Orleans, May 28, 1818, and entered the Engineer Corps.
He served with distinction in the Mexican War
, and at the outbreak of the Civil War
resigned his commission (February 20, 1861), to enter the Confederate army as a brigadier-general, being given command of the Confederate forces bombarding Fort Sumter
He took command of the Army of the Potomac on June 20th.
After Bull Run
he was made general.
He was given the command of the Army of the Mississippi in March, 1862, and was second in command after A. S. Johnston
joined his forces with it. After the latter's death at Shiloh
remained at the head of the army until after the withdrawal from Corinth
at the end of May.
In 1863, he defended Charleston
, and after May, 1864, cooperated with Lee
in the defense of Petersburg
He commanded the Confederate forces in the Carolinas in 1865, merging them with those under General J. E. Johnston
, and surrendered his army to Sherman
After the war, he was a railroad president, adjutant-general of Louisiana
, and manager of the State
He died in New Orleans, February 20, 1893.