Army of Tennessee
The joining of the Army of Kentucky with the Army of the Mississippi, on November 20, 1862, was the origin of the Army of Tennessee—the great Confederate army of the West.
There were three corps and a division of cavalry, with an effective total of forty-seven thousand. General Braxton Bragg
was in command.
This army fought the battle of Stone's River
, went through the Tullahoma campaign, and fought the battle of Chickamauga
, assisted by Longstreet
's Corps from the Army of Northern Virginia.
It was driven from Chattanooga
in November, 1863, by Grant
After the battle of Chickamauga
, the corps were reorganized several times.
was removed from the command on December 2, 1863, and until General Johnston
assumed it, on December 27th, both Hardee
were in temporary command.
was sent to the Department of Alabama
and East Louisiana
before the end of December.
The army spent the winter around Dalton, Georgia
, and faced Sherman
's advance in May, 1864, in two infantry and one cavalry corps.
brought back his divisions, which he called the Army of Mississippi, and these forces were consolidated with the Army of Tennessee on July 26th, after Polk
had been killed.
On July 18th, Johnston
was replaced by General John B. Hood
After the capture of Atlanta
, the army returned to Tennessee
, and, failing to cut off Major-General Schofield
's command at Franklin
, was routed by Major-General Thomas
(December 15-16, 1864). In February, 1865, General Johnston
was again placed in command of the Army of Tennessee, as well as the troops in South Carolina
, and Florida
The army had greatly dwindled.
Lieutenant-General A. P. Stewart
was at the actual head of the Army of Tennessee after March 16th, and Johnston
's enlarged command included troops from the far South
, which, in February, had been organized in a corps, and those in North Carolina
The aggregate present of the old Army of Tennessee was about twenty thousand.
The army surrendered to Sherman
in North Carolina
, April 26, 1865.
was born in Warren County, North Carolina
, March 22, 1817, and served in the Seminole
He resigned from the army in 1859, and became an extensive planter in Louisiana
On the secession of Louisiana
, he was made a brigadier-general in the Confederate provisional army, and was the first commander of the military forces of Louisiana
After being appointed major-general in September, he took command of the forces in Alabama
and West Florida
from October, 1861, to February, 1862.
He commanded the right wing of the Army of the Mississippi at Shiloh
, and was made general after the death of Albert Sidney Johnston
He succeeded Beauregard
as commander of the Army of the Mississippi (or Tennessee
), and led it into Kentucky
in September, 1862, and after his retreat therefrom, was defeated by Rosecrans
at Stone's River
(January, 1863). He in turn defeated Rosecrans
, but was driven from Chattanooga
in November, 1863.
was now relieved of the Army of Tennessee, and, later, was given control of the Confederate army's military operations at Richmond
As commander of the Department of North Carolina, he failed in attempts to check Sherman
and prevent the fall of Wilmington
After February, 1865, he cooperated with Johnston
and surrendered with the latter.
Later on, he was state engineer of Alabama
, and died in Galveston, Texas
, September 27, 1876.
was born in Owingsville, Kentucky
, June 1, 1831.
and fought against the Comanche Indians
He resigned from the army in April, 1861, to enter the Confederate
After serving as captain in the cavalry and colonel of a Texas regiment, he received the appointment of brigadier-general in March, 1862.
He was made major-general in October, 1862, after taking a conspicuous part in the Virginia
, he commanded the largest division in Longstreet
In September, he went to Tennessee
's Corps, which he commanded at Chickamauga
, where he lost a leg. After the battle, he was given the rank of lieutenant-general, and at the head of the Second Corps in the Army of Tennessee, took part in the Atlanta campaign
from May to July 18, 1864, when he succeeded Johnston
in the command of the army with the temporary rank of general.
He lost Atlanta
, and, returning to Tennessee
, was driven into Alabama
by Major-General Thomas
in the middle of December.
In January, 1865, he was relieved of his command and was ordered to Richmond
After the war, he went to New Orleans, where he died, August 30, 1879.