The armies of the United States
were led in 1864-65 by two generals, to whom, more than to any other military leaders, was due the final victory of the Northern
were Western men; both were somewhat unsuccessful in the early years of the war and attained success rather late; to both of them the great opportunity finally came, in 1863, in the successful movement which opened the Mississippi
, and their rewards were the two highest commands in the Federal
army and the personal direction of the two great masses of men which were to crush the life out of the weakening Confederacy.
was the chief and Sherman
his lieutenant, but some military critics hold that the latter did more than his chief to bring the war to an end. They were friends and were closely associated in military matters after 1862; in temperament and in military methods each supplemented the other, and each enabled the other to push his plans to success.
William Tecumseh Sherman
was born in Lancaster, Ohio
, February 8, 1820.
The family was of New England
origin, and had come to America
in the seventeenth century.
About two hundred years later, Sherman
's father and mother migrated to what was then the unsettled West
and made their home in Ohio
His father, a lawyer and in his later years a justice of the Ohio
Supreme Court, died in 1829, leaving a large family of children without adequate support.
The subject of this sketch was adopted into the family of Thomas Ewing
, who was later United States
senator, and Secretary of the Interior
in the cabinets of Harrison