portion of his army in Atlanta
, and give Hood
an opportunity of fighting him in detail.
The movement was made, and in the main successful, except no opportunity was given for engaging Sherman
's forces in detail.
It was then resolved to move Hood
's army into Tennessee
and destroy Thomas
and then take possession of Kentucky
and threaten Ohio
The conception was a bold one.
Its execution involved leaving a large Federal army in Georgia
, which could march unobstructed to the sea, cutting again in twain the Confederacy
, or it would move back and join Thomas
, securing the destruction of Hood
It was at first determined to cross the Tennessee river
, but Forrest
was near Jackson, Tennessee
, and unacquainted with the plan of campaign, and on account of the swollen condition of the Tennessee river
could not cross below Florence
So it was determined to cross the entire army at that point, and as soon as our commander (Forrest
) received orders we hastened to Tuscumbia
, where we joined Hood
Some delay was occasioned in repairing the Memphis and Charleston railroad so as to bring sufficient supplies for the expedition.
The country is poor from Florence
northward until you reach the neighborhood of Pulaski
and Mount Pleasant
, and we were required to take sufficient forage to last until we could reach the fertile country of Middle Tennessee
Our division, commanded by General Chalmers
, covered the left of the army, and about the 19th of November, 1864, the army was put in motion.
commanded the expedition, with three army corps of infantry commanded by Generals Stewart
, S. D. Lee
, with Forrest
in command of the cavalry.
The entire force numbered about thirty thousand.
It was as gallant an army as ever any Captain
The long march from Atlanta
had caused the timid and sick to be left behind, and every man remaining was a veteran.
Then the long and sad experience of retreating was now reversed, and we were going to redeem Tennessee
, and the morale
of the army was excellent.
We hoped to cut off a large body of Federals at Pulaski
, but by a forced march they got into Columbia
just in time to prevent capture.
On the 27th of November we formed around Columbia
, the two wings of the army resting on Duck river
being to the right.
retired to the north side of Duck river
, and an artillery fire was kept up during the 28th. General Hood
would remain a day or two on the opposite side of the river,