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army of Northern Virginia, September 30, 1862

Present for duty

OfficersEnlisted Men
Longstreet's command1,92726,489
Jackson's command1,62921,728
Reserve artillery50716

Major Taylor, in his work,2 states:

In addition to the troops above enumerated as the strength of General Johnston on May 21, 1862, there were two brigades subject to his orders then stationed in the vicinity of Hanover Junction, one under the command of General J. R. Anderson, and the other under the command of General Branch; they were subsequently incorporated into the division of General A. P. Hill, and participated in the battles around Richmond.

He has no official data by which to determine their numbers, but from careful estimates and conference with General Anderson he estimates the strength of the two at 4,000 effective.

Subsequent to the date of the return of the army around Richmond, heretofore given, but previous to the battle of Seven Pines, General Johnston was reenforced by General Huger's division of three brigades. The total strength of these three brigades, according to the ‘Reports of the Operations of the Army of Northern Virginia,’ was 5,008 effectives. Taylor says:

If the strength of these five be added to the return of May 21st, we shall have sixty-two thousand six hundred and ninety-six (62,696) as the effective strength of the army under General Johnston on May 31, 1862.

Deduct the losses sustained in the battle of Seven Pines as shown by the official reports of casualties, say 6,084, and we have 56,612 as the effective strength of the army when General Lee assumed command.

There have been various attempts made to point out the advantage which might have been obtained if General Lee, in succeeding to the command, had renewd on June 1st the unfinished battle of May 31st; the representation that he commenced his campaign known as the Seven Day's Battles only after he had collected a great army, instead of moving with a force not greatly superior to that which his predecessor had, has led to the full exposition of all the facts bearing upon the case. In the Southern Historical Society Papers, June, 1876, is published an extract from an address of Colonel Charles Marshall, secretary and aidede-camp to General R. E. Lee, before the Virginia Division of the Army

1 No report of cavalry.

2 Four Years with General Lee.

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R. E. Lee (3)
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