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Chapter 26:

  • Forced emancipation concluded
  • -- emancipation acts of President Lincoln -- order of General Hunter revoked by President Lincoln -- one cause of our secession -- the time to throw off the mask at hand -- men United in defense of liberty called traitors -- conference of President Lincoln with Senators and Representatives of border States -- failure of the proposition -- three hundred thousand more men called for -- declarations of the antislavery press -- the watchword adopted -- memorial of so-called Christians to the President -- reply of President Lincoln -- issue of the proclamation of emancipation -- the military necessity asserted -- the consummation verbally reached -- declarations by the United States government of what it intended to do -- true nature of the party Unveiled -- vindication of the sagacity of the Southern people -- declarations to European cabinets -- object of these declarations -- the boast of Mr. Lincoln calmly considered.


The attention of the reader is now invited to a series of usurpations in which the President of the United States was the principal actor. On March 6, 1862, he began a direct and unconstitutional interference with slavery by sending a message to Congress recommending the adoption of a resolution which should declare that the United States ought to cooperate with any state which might adopt the gradual abolition of slavery, giving to such state pecuniary aid, to be used by such state in its discretion, to compensate for the inconvenience, public and private, produced by such change of system. The reason given for the recommendation of the adoption of the resolution was that the United States government would find its highest interest in such a measure as one of the most important means of self-preservation. He said, in explanation, that ‘the leaders of the existing rebellion entertain the hope that this Government will ultimately be forced to acknowledge the independence of some part of the disaffected region, and that all the slave States north of such part will then say, “The Union for which we have struggled being already gone, we now choose to go with the Southern section.” To deprive them of this hope substantially ends the rebellion, and the initiation of emancipation deprives them of it and of all the States initiating it.’

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