- Attempts of the United States government to overthrow States -- military governor of Tennessee appointed -- arrests and Imprisonments -- measures attempted -- oath required of voters -- a convention to amend the state Constitution -- results -- attempt in Louisiana -- martial law -- barbarities inflicted -- invasion of plantations -- order of General Butler -- execution of Mumford -- judicial system set up -- civil affairs administered by military authority -- order of President Lincoln for a provisional Court -- a military Court sustained by the army -- ‘necessity,’ the reason given for the power to create the Court -- this doctrine fatal to the Constitution -- cause of our withdrawal from the Union -- fundamental principles unchanged by force -- the contest not over; the strife not ended -- when the war closed, who were the victors?
On the capture of Nashville, on February 25, 1862, Andrew Johnson was made military governor of Tennessee, with the rank of brigadier general, and immediately entered on the duties of his office. This step was taken by the President of the United States under the pretense of executing that provision of the Constitution which is in these words:
The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a republican form of government.The administration was conducted according to the will and pleasure of the governor, which was the supreme law. Public officers were required to take an oath of allegiance to the United States government, and upon refusal were expelled from office. Newspaper offices were closed, and their publication suppressed. Subsequently the offices were sold out under the provisions of the confiscation act. All persons using ‘treasonable and seditious’ language were arrested and required to take the oath of allegiance to the government of the United States, and give bonds for the future, or to go into exile. Clergymen, upon their refusal to take the oath, were confined in the prisons until they could be sent away. School teachers and editors and finally large numbers of private citizens were arrested and held until they took the oath. Conflicts became frequent in the adjacent country. Murders and the violent destruction of property ensued. On October 21, 1862, an order for an election of members of the