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Chapter 33:

  • Further attempts of the United States government to overthrow States
  • -- election of members of Congress under the military governor of Louisiana -- the voters required to take an oath to support the United States government -- the state law violated -- the President's plan for making Union States out of a fragment of a Confederate state -- the oath required -- ‘the war-power our main reliance’ -- who had a right to Institute a government for Louisiana? -- under what principles could the government of the United States do it? -- effrontery and wickedness of the administration -- attempt to make falsehood as good as truth -- proclamation for election of state officers -- proclamation for state convention -- the Monster crime against the liberties of mankind -- proceedings in Arkansas -- novel method adopted to amend the state Constitution -- perversion of republican principles in Virginia -- proceedings to create the state of West Virginia -- acts sustained by the United States government -- assertions of Thaddeus Stevens -- east Virginia government.


But to resume our narration: on December 3d, in compliance with an order of the military governor, Shepley, a so-called election was held for members of the United States Congress in the first and second state districts, each composed of about half the city of New Orleans and portions of the surrounding parishes. Those who had taken the oath of allegiance were allowed to vote. In the first district, Benjamin F. Flanders received 2,370 votes, and all others 273. In the second district, Michael Hahn received 2,799 votes, and all others 2,318. These persons presented themselves at Washington, and resolutions to admit them to seats were reported by the Committee on Elections in the House of Representatives. It was urged that the military governor had conformed in every particular to the constitution and laws of Louisiana, so that the election had every essential of a regular election in a time of most profound peace, with the exception of the fact that the proclamation for the election was issued by the military instead of the civil governor of the state. The law required the proclamation to be issued by the civil governor, so that, if these persons were admitted to seats after an election called by a military

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