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[261]

Chapter 34:

  • Address to the army of eastern Virginia by the President
  • -- army of General Pope -- position of Mc-Clellan -- advance of General Jackson -- atrocious order of General Pope -- letter of McClellan on the conduct of the war -- letter of the President to General Lee -- battle of Cedar Run -- results of the engagement -- Reenforcements to >the enemy -- second battle of Manassas -- capture of Manassas Junction -- captured stores -- the old battlefield -- advance of General Longstreet -- attack on him -- attack on General Jackson -- darkness of the night -- battle at Ox Hill -- losses of the enemy.


This defect of McClellan's army led me to issue the following address:

Richmond, July 5, 1862.
To the Army of Eastern Virginia.
soldiers: I congratulate you on the series of brilliant victories which, under the favor of Divine Providence, you have lately won, and, as the President of the Confederate States, do heartily tender to you the thanks of the country, whose just cause you have so skillfully and heroically served. Ten days ago an invading army, vastly superior to you in numbers and the materials of war, closely beleaguered your capital and vauntingly proclaimed its speedy conquest; you marched to attack the enemy in his intrenchments; with well-directed movements and death-defying valor you charged upon him in his strong positions, drove him from field to field over a distance of more than thirty-five miles, and despite his reenforcements compelled him to seek safety under the cover of his gunboats, where he now lies cowering before the army so lately derided and threatened with entire subjugation. The fortitude with which you have borne toil and privation, the gallantry with which you have entered into each successive battle, must have been witnessed to be fully appreciated; but a grateful people will not fail to recognize you, and to bear you in loved remembrance. Well may it be said of you that you have ‘done enough for glory’; but duty to a suffering country and to the cause of constitutional liberty claims from you yet further effort. Let it be your pride to relax in nothing which can promote your future efficiency; your one great object being to drive the invader from your soil, and, carrying your standards beyond the outer boundaries of the Confederacy, to wring from an unscrupulous foe the recognition of your birthright, community independence.


After the retreat of General McClellan to Westover, his army remained inactive about a month. His front was closely watched by a brigade of cavalry, and preparations were made to resist a renewal of his attempt upon Richmond from his new base. The main body of our

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